Firqa E Naajiya Ka Manhaj

Ibnatu Ali

Member
❍Firqa E Naajiya Ka Manhaj

❍ By: Shaykh Abdul Hadi Abdul Khaliq Madni Hafidahullah.

❍ Romanised: Binte Khursheed Ali.
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بـسـم الله الـرحـمـن الـرحـيـم​

Allah ﷻ ne tamaam musalmaano ko Qu'ran e majeed ko mazbooti se thaamne ka hukum diya hai aur firqa bandi se mana’ farmaaya hai, nez Rasool e Akram ﷺ ne ye khabar di hai ke saabeqa ummatein yahood wa nasaara firqa bandi ka shikaar ho gayein saath hi ye paishon goyi bhi farmaayi ke ummat e muslimah in ummaton ki rawish apna kar firqa bandi mein mubtalaa hogi aur sirf mubtalaa hi nahin balke un se ek qadam aagey badh jaaegi, saabeqa ummatein bahattar(72) firqon mein taqseem huwi thi, ye ummat tihattar(73) firqon mein taqseem ho jaaegi, ek firqe ke siwa sab ke sab siraat e mustaqeem se inhiraaf, kitaab o sunnat se ru gardaani aur asl e shari'yat se pehlu tahi ki binaa par jahannam mein jaaenge, sirf ek hi firqa jannat mein jaaega jis ne jama’at se khurooj naa kiya hoga, Rasool e Akram ﷺ ki sunnat aur aap ke Sahaaba e kiraam (Rizwaan Allahu ‘Alaihim Ajma'een) ke tareeq ko mazbooti se thaama hoga. (yeh Sunan Tirmizi ki hadees hai aur sahih ul jaame’ mein isey Imaam Albaani ne Hasan qaraar diya hai)

Muta’aiyyan taur par ye kehne ke liye ke falaan firqa najaat yaafta hai aur falaan aur falaan firqe jahannami hain daleel ki zaroorat hai kyun ke daleel ke baghair koi baat kehna Allah ke deen mein sakht mana’ hai. Allah ﷻ ka irshaad hai:
قُلْ إِنَّمَا حَرَّمَ رَبِّيَ الْفَوَاحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ وَالْإِثْمَ وَالْبَغْيَ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ وَأَن تُشْرِكُوا بِاللَّهِ مَا لَمْ يُنَزِّلْ بِهِ سُلْطَانًا وَأَن تَقُولُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ​
"Aap farmaaiye ke mere Rab ne toh be-hayaayi ki baaton ko, zaahir ho yaa poshidah, aur gunah ko, aur naa haq ziyaadati karne ko haraam kiya hai, aur iss ko bhi ke tum kisi ko Allah ka shareek banaao jiss ki usne koi sanad naazil nahin ki, aur iss ko bhi ke Allah ke baarey mein aisi baatein kaho jinka tumhein kuch ‘ilm nahi."
(Surah al-A'raf:33)

Nez irshaad hai:
وَلَا تَقْفُ مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ ۚ إِنَّ السَّمْعَ وَالْبَصَرَ وَالْفُؤَادَ كُلُّ أُولَٰئِكَ كَانَ عَنْهُ مَسْئُولًا​
"Uss baat ke peeche mat pado jis ka tumhein ‘ilm nahi kyun ke aankh aur kaan aur dill in mein se har ek se pooch gach ki jaane waali."
(Surah al-Isra':36)

Aksar firqon ka ye da’waa hai ke woh najaat yaafta hain aur un ke mukhaalifeen ghair nijaat yaafta hain, aaiye hum daleel ki roshni mein dekhte hain ke woh firqa kaunsa hai taa ke apne aapko iss se jod kar najaat haasil karein aur halaakat wa tabaahi se mehfooz rahein.
Rasool e Akram ﷺ ka irshaad hai:
إنَّ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ تَفَرَّقَتْ عَلَی ثِنْتَيْنِ وَ سَبْعِيْنَ مِلَّةً، وَتَفْتَرِقُ أَمَّتِي عَلَی ثَلَاثٍ وَسَبْعِينَ مِلَّةً، كُلُّهُمْ في النَّارِ اِلَّا مِلَّةً وَاحِدَةً، قَالُوا: وَمَنْ هِيَ يَا رَسُول اللَّهِ؟ قَالَ: مَا أَنَا عَلَيْهِ وَأَصْحابِي​
"Bani Israeel bahattar(72) firqon mein taqseem hogaye, meri ummat tihattar(73) firqon mein taqseem hogi, sab ke sab jahannam mein jaayenge siwaaye ek ke, Sahaaba e kiraam ne daryaaft kiya: Aye Allah ke Rasool ﷺ! woh najaat yaafta firqa kaunsa hoga? toh Aap ﷺ ne irshaad farmaaya:
مَا أَنَا عَلَيْهِ وَأَصْحَابِي​
"Jis rah par main hoon aur mere sahaaba hain." (yeh Sunan Tirmizi ki hasan darje ki hadees hai)

Aap ﷺ ne koi naam bataane ke bajaaye wasf zikr farmaaye kyun ke najaat ke mu'aamle mein wasf wa kirdaar hi ki asal ehmiyat hai. Aap ﷺ ke qaul se ye baat ‘ayaa aur bayaa ho jaati hai ke firqe naajiya woh firqa hoga jo apne qaul wa ‘amal mein, emaan wa aiteqaad mein, akhlaaq wa mu'amlaat mein gharzeke deen wa shari’yat ke tamaam umoor mein Rasoolullah ﷺ aur Aap ke sahaaba ke manhaj par kaar band hoga. Ye firqa har tarah ke zaigh wa zalaal se mehfooz aur salaamat rahega. Yaad rahe ke tihattar(73) firqon mein sirf yahi ek firqa “naajiya” hain ya’ni sirf isey hi jahannam se nijaat milne waali hai jaisa ke irshaad e Nabawi hai:
((كُلَّهَا فِي النَّارِ اِلَّا وَاحِدَةً))
(رواه أحمد و غيره و حسنه الحافظ)​
Yahi woh firqa hai jo kitaab o sunnat aur sahaab e kiraam wa salaf e sali

heen ki rawish ko mazbooti se thaamne waala hai kyun ke Rasool E Akramﷺ ka irshaad hai:
((مَا أَنَا عَلَيْهِ وَأَصْحَابِي))​
(Ye Sunan Tirmizi ki hadees hai, sahih ul jaame’ mein isey Imaam Albaani ne Hasan qaraar diye hai)

Yahi firqa Ahle sunnat wa jama’at hai, ya’ni do ‘azeem khusoosiyaat ka haamil hai:

Pehli Khusoosiyat: Sunnat se ta'alluq aur waabastagi. Isi khusoosiyat ki binaa par firqe naajiya ka ek laqab Ahle Sunnat hai kyun ke ye apni zindagi ke tamaam umoor mein Rasoolullah ﷺ aur Aap ke sahaaba ki sunnaton ka iltezaam karte hain, apni ‘aqal aur raaye wa qiyaas ko kabhi sunnat par muqaddam nahin karte, jabke doosre firqe ahle bid’at hain, sunnat ki taraf inki nisbat qat’an nahin hoti. Un bid’ati firqon ki nisbat yaa toh un ke qaayedeen aur baaniyon ki taraf hoti hai jaise qaadiyaani yaa jahmi yaa phir un ki nisbat un ke bid’at wa zalaalat ki taraf hoti hai jaise qadariyyaa aur murjiyaa yaa phir un ki nisbat unke af’aal e qabeeha ki taraf hoti hai jaise rawafizah aur khawaarij.

Doori Khusoosiyat: Jama’at se ta'alluq aur waabastagi. Isi khusoosiyat ki binaa par firqe naajiya ka doosra laqab Ahle Jama’at hai, ya’ni woh haq par ekhatta hote hain, musalmaano ki jama’at se khurooj karke firqa bandi nahin karte.

Firqe naajiya hi woh firqa hai jisey Allah ki madad aur nusrat haasil hai kyunke jab iss ne Allah ke deen ki madad ki toh Allah ne inki madad farmaayi. Allah ta’ala ka irshaad hai:
إِن تَنصُرُوا اللَّهَ يَنصُرْكُمْ (محمد؛ ٧)​

Nez Rasool Akram ﷺ ka irshaasd hai:
لَا يَزَالُ مِنْ أُمَّتِي أُمَّةٌ قَائِمَةٌ بِأَمْرِ اللهِ لَا يَضُرُّهُمْ مَنْ خَذَلَهُمْ وَلَا مَنْ خَالَفَهُمْ حَتَّی يَأْتِيَهُمْ أَمْرُ اللهِ وَهُمْ عَلَی ذَلِكَ​
"Meri ummat ki ek jama’at hamesha Allah ke hukum par qaaem rahegi, uss ki mukhaalifat karne waale aur usey be-sahaara chorne waale uss ka kuch nahin bigaad sakte yahan tak ke Allah ka hukum aajaaye aur woh isi haal par rahenge."
[Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim]

Firqa E Naajiya Ke Manhaj Ki Chand Buniyaaden

Yaad rakhiye ke firqe naajiya ka manhaj chand mazboot aur mustahakam buniyaadon par qaaem hai.

① Firqe naajiya ke manhaj ki pehli mustahakam buniyaad ye hai ke woh kitaabullah aur sunnat e sahihaa par iktefaa karte hain kyun ke Allah ke Rasool (ﷺ) ka irshaad hai:
تركت فيكم أمرين لن تضلوا ما اِن تمسكتم بهما؛ كتاب الله وسنتي (رواه مالك بلاغاً و والحاكم موصولاً باِسناد حسن)​
"Maine tum mein do cheezien chhori hain jab tak in dono ko mazboot thaamey rahoge hargiz gumrah naa hoge, ek Allah ki kitaab aur doosre meri sunnat."
(Imaam Malik ne isey riwayat kiya hai aur Mustadrak Haakim mein bhi ye hadees hai aur iski sanad hasan hai)

Jahan tak ijmaa’ ka ta'alluq hai toh wahi ijmaa’ mo’tabar hai jo kitaab wa sunnat dono yaa in mein se kisi ek par mabni ho, aur jahan tak ‘aql wa fitrat ka mu’aamla hai toh woh agar kitaab wa sunnat ke muwafiq hain toh qaabil e qubool hain warna in ki ye haisiyat nahin hai ke woh shara’i ‘aqaayid yaa ahkaam ke liye masdar ban sakien.
Nez Allah ﷻ ka irshaad hai:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنكُمْ ۖ فَإِن تَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ إِن كُنتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَحْسَنُ تَأْوِيلًا​
"Aye emaan waalon! Farmaan-bardaari karo Allah ﷻ ki aur farmaan-bardaari karo Rasool (ﷺ) ki aur tum mein se ikhtiyaar waalon ki. phir agar kisi cheez mein ikhtelaaf karo toh usey lautaao Allah ﷻ ki taraf aur Rasool (ﷺ) ki taraf, agar tumhein Allah ﷻ par aur qayaamat ke din par emaan hai. Yeh bahut behtar hai aur ba-‘aitebaar anjaam ke bahut accha hai."
(Surah an-Nisaa: 59)

Mazkoorah aayat mein 《 أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ》 kehne ke ba’d 《وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُول》 farmaaya kyunke ye dono ita'atein mustaqil aur bilaa kisi shart ke alal itlaaq waajib hain aur oolul-amr ki ita’at ka hukum dete huwe 《أطيعوا أولي الأمر》 nahin farmaaya kyunke woh ita’at mustaqil nahin hai balke Allah wa Rasool ki ita’at ke saath mashroot hai. Aisey hi tanaaze’ ki soorat mein Allah aur uss ke Rasool ki taraf lautaane ka hukum diya, Allah ki taraf lautaane ka matlab Allah ki kitaab Quraan e majeed ki taraf lautaana hai aur Allah ke Rasool ki taraf lautaane ka matlab Allah ke Rasool (ﷺ) ki hadees aur Aap ki sunnat ki taraf lautaana hai, ikhtelaaf ko hal karne aur tanaaza' ko khatam karne ka ye ek behetareen usool diya gaya hai. Kitaabullah aur sunnat e Rasoolullah yahi deen ke do asal masdar hain.

② Firqe naajiya ke manhaj ki doosri mustahakam buniyaad ye hai ke woh kitaabullah aur sunnat e sahihaa ko ‘aql wa raaye aur qiyaas par muqaddam karte hain. Kyunke Allah ﷻ ka irshaad hai:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تُقَدِّمُوا بَيْنَ يَدَيِ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ ۖ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ​
"Aye emaan waalon! Allah aur uss ke Rasool se aagey naa badho, aur Allah se darte raha karo, yaqeenan Allah ﷻ sunne waala jaanne waala hai."
(Surah al-Hujuraat: 1)

Allah wa Rasool se aagey badhna ye bhi hai ke kisi deeni mu'aamle mein Allah wa Rasool ka hukum dekhne se pehle hi khud koi faislaa kar liya jaaye, yaa in ka faislaa aajaane ke ba’d apni ‘aql, raaye yaa soojh boojh ko tarjeeh di jaaye.

Darasal mazkoorah aayat mein emaan waalon ko uss baat ka hukum diya gaya hai jo farishton ki sifat hai farishton ke baarey mein Allah ﷻ ka irshaad hai:
لَا يَسْبِقُونَهُ بِالْقَوْلِ وَهُم بِأَمْرِهِ يَعْمَلُونَ​
"Woh kisi baat mein Allah se aagey nahin badhte balke woh Allah ke hukum ki ta’meel mein lagey rehte hain."
(Surah al-Anbiyaa: 27)

Farishton ki baat Allah ki baat ke taabe’ hai aur fartishton ka ‘amal Allah ke hukum ke taabe’ hai, emaan waalon ko bhi Allah aur uss ke Rasool ke saath usi qism ka bartaaw karne ka hukum diya gaya hai. Har emaan waale ke liye zaroori hai ke shara'i mu'aamle mein koi baat bole toh Rasool(ﷺ) ki laayi huwi shari’at ko pehle dekhe phir iss ka taabe’ ho kar bole, zubaan se wahi baat kahey jo shari’at kehti hai, a’zaa se wahi ‘amal karey jiss ki shari’at ijaazat deti hai, sahaaba wa ta’bayeen aur salaf e saliheen ka yahi tareeqa tha, woh deen ki koi baat jaanna chahaate they toh uss ke liye Qaalallah aur Qaalarrasool mein nazar karte they. yehi asl sunnat hai aur yahi tareeqa e ahle sunnat hai.

③ Firqe naajiya ke manhaj ki teesri mustahakam buniyaad ye hai ke woh kitaabullah aur sunnat e sahihaa ki kisi baat ko kabhi rad nahin karte khwah woh khabar e wahid hi kyun naa ho aur naa uss mein tahreef karte aur naa hi uss ki be-jaa taaweel karte balke sar e tasleem kham kar dete aur ita’at wa farmaan-bardaari ke liye sar jhuka dete hain.
Allah ﷻ ka irshaad hai:
وَمَا كَانَ لِمُؤْمِنٍ وَلَا مُؤْمِنَةٍ إِذَا قَضَى اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَمْرًا أَن يَكُونَ لَهُمُ الْخِيَرَةُ مِنْ أَمْرِهِمْ ۗ وَمَن يَعْصِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلَالًا مُّبِينًا​
"Aur kisi momin mard wa 'aurat ko Allah aur uss ke Rasool ke faisle ke ba’d apne kisi amr ka koi ikhtiyaar baaqi nahin rehta, (yaad rakho) Allah ﷻ aur uss ke Rasool ki jo bhi naa-farmaani karega woh sareeh gumraahi mein padey ga."
(Surah al-Ahzab: 36)

Nez irshad hai:
وَمَا آتَاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَمَا نَهَاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانتَهُوا​
"Jo kuch Rasool tumhein dey dein lelo aur jis se tumhein rok dein ruk jaao."
(Surah al-Hashr: 7)

Chunaancheh sahaaba wa taaba’een aur salaf e saliheen ka yeh muttafaq ‘alai usool tha ke kisi ki raaye wa qiyaas, wajd wa zauq, hikmat wa siyaasat, fikar wa falsafa, hikaayaat wa manaamaat aur ma’qoolaat ke zariy’e Quran e majeed se mu’aariz nahin kiya jaa sakta.

Yahi Ahle sunnat ka tareeqa hai ke Quraan e majeed aur ahaadees e sahihaa se jo kuch saabit ho jaaye usey fauran qubool karte hain, usey kisi haalat mein rad nahi karte. Iss ke bar khilaaf ahle bid’at ka tareeqa ye hai ke woh pehle ek raaye qaaem karte hain phir kitaab wa sunnat mein dekhte hain agar aayat yaa hadees in ke muwafiq hai toh usey qubool karte hain aur agar mukhaalif hai toh tahreef yaa taaweel yaa mukhtalif shubhaat paida karke uss se peecha chhoraaane ki koshish karte hain.

④ Firqe naajiya ke manhaj ki chauthi mustahakam buniyaad ye hai ke woh kitaabullah aur sunnat e sahihaa ke ba’d Sahaaba e Kiraam (Rizwaan Allahu ‘Alaihim Ajma’een) ke aqwaal wa fataawe ko talaash karte aur maa-ba’d ke logon par un ko muqaddam rakhte hain kyun ke yahi Rasool e Akram ﷺ ki wasiyat hai.
Aapﷺ ka irshaad hai:
إِنَّهُ مَنْ يَعِشْ مِنْكُمْ بَعْدِي يَرَی اخْتِلَافًا كَثِيرًا، فَعَلَيْكُمْ بِسُنَّتِي وَ سُنَّةِ الْخُلَفَاءِ الرّاشِدِينَ الْمَهْدِيِّينَ تَمَسَّكُوا بِهَا، وَعَضُّوا عَلَيْهَا بِالنَّوَاجِذِ​
"Tum mein se jo mere ba’d zinda rahega woh bahut saara ikhtelaaf dekhe ga, lehaaza tum meri sunnat aur hidaayat yaafta khulfaaye raashideen ki sunnat ko laazim pakdo, usey mazbooti ke saath thaamlo, usey daanton se mazboot jakadlo."
(Yeh Musnad Ahmed Sunan Abu dawood Sunan Tirmizi ki sahih hadees hai)

Abdullah bin Mas’ood razi allahu 'anhu se riwayat hai ke inhon ne kahaa: Tum mein se jo kisi ka uswah apnaana chahta ho woh Muhammadﷺ Ke shaaba ka uswah apnaaye kyunke woh iss ummat mein sabse ziyaada naik dil they, sabse ziyaada gehraa ‘ilm rakhte they, sabse kam takalluf waale they, sabse ziyaada durust rah par they, sabse behtar haal waale they, yeh woh log they jin ko Allah ﷻ ne apne Nabiﷺ Ki sohbat wa rifaaqat aur un ke deen ki aqaamat ke liye muntakhab kiya tha, un ki fazeelat ko pehchaano aur un ke naqshe qadam ki pairwi karo kyun ke woh siraat e mustaqeem ke raahi they.
(Jaame' bayaan al 'ilm wa fazlihi)

⑤ Firqe naajiya ke manhaj ki paanchwi mustahakam buniyaad ye hai ke woh ‘aqeede ke aisey masaael aur ghaibi umoor ke peeche nahi padhte jo insaani ‘aql ki rasaayi se baher hain balke tasleem wa razaa aur emaan wa yaqeen ki rawish par qaaem rehte hain. Kyunke Allah ﷻ ka irshaad hai:
وَلَا تَقْفُ مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ​
"Uss baat ke peeche mat pado jis ka tumhein ‘ilm nahin."
(Surah al-Isra: 36)

⑥ Firqa naajiya ke manhaj ki chati mustahakam buniyaad ye hai ke woh uss maqsad ka bharpoor ehtemaam karte hain jis ke liye jin wa in

s ki takhleeq huwi hai, jiss ke liye kitaabein naazil ki gayien, jis ke liye Rasool bheje gaye, ya’ni bandon ko ek Allah ki bandagi par qaaem karna, Allah ki tawheed mein paaye jaane har khalal ko door karna. Yahi Anbiyaa e kiraam ki awwaleen da’wat thi, ahle sunnat bhi tawheed ko qaaem karne aur shirk ko mitaane ke liye Anbiya’ ke uswaah par kaar-bandh hote hain.
Allah ﷻ ka irshaad hai:
قُلْ إِنِّي أُمِرْتُ أَنْ أَعْبُدَ اللَّهَ مُخْلِصًا لَّهُ الدِّينَ​
"(Aye Muhammad ﷺ) Aap keh dijiye! Ke mujhe hukum diya gaya hai ke Allah ﷻ ki iss tarah ‘ibaadat karo ke usi ke liye ‘ibaadat ko khaalis karlo."
(Surah az-Zumar: 11)

Nez irshaad hai:
وَلَقَدْ أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ وَإِلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكَ لَئِنْ أَشْرَكْتَ لَيَحْبَطَنَّ عَمَلُكَ وَلَتَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ​
"Aur (Aye Muhammad ﷺ!) Aap ki taraf aur un(paighambaron) ki taraf jo aapse pehle ho chuke hain yahi wahi bheji gayi hai ke agar tumney shirk kiya toh tumhaare ‘amal barbaad ho jainge aur tum khasaara uthaane waalon mein se ho jaoge."
(Surah az-Zumar: 65)

Nez irshaad hai:
إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَغْفِرُ أَن يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَن يَشَاءُ​
"Allah ﷻ iss gunah ko nahi bakhshega ke kisi ko uss ka shareek banaaya jaaye aur iss ke siwa aur gunah jis ko chaahe mu’aaf karde."
(Surah an-Nisaa: 48)

Aaj shirk ka fitna bahut buri tarah ‘alam e islaam mein apne panjey gaadey huwe hai. qubbey aur mazaaraat, dargaahon par ‘urs aur meley, mushrikaana maraasim, nazraane aur chadhaawe, ta’weez aur gandey, ghairullah ke liye zubah wa qurbaani, ghairullah se shafa talbi, haajat rawaayi wa mushkil kushaayi, faryaad rasi wa du’a talbi, al-gharz shirk ki woh koi surat baaqi nahin jo buth parast apne buton ke saath yaa saleeb parast apne saleeb yaa ‘Esa yaa Maryam ‘Alaihim us salaam ke saath karte hain magar musalmaanon ne isey apne madfoon buzroogon ke liye ikhtiyaar kar liya hai. Aaj mazaaraat par wahi kuch hota hai jo ghair muslimo ke mandiro aur teerath asthaanon mein hota hai. Aaj musalmaano ki ek badi te’daad tawheed se bahut door jaa chuki hai.
Zaroorat hai ke saarey musalmaan dubaarah Allah ki naazil kardah aakhri kitaab Quran e majeed aur sunnat e sahihaa ki taraf paltien aur jis tarah salaf e saliheen aur sahaaba wa taba’een ne usey samjha aur uss par ‘amal kiya isi tarah hum bhi isey apni zindagiyon mein bartein.

⑦ Firqe naajiya ke manhaj ki saatwi mustahakam bunyaad ye hai ke woh itteba’ e sunnat aur ijtenaab e bida’t ko apna wateerah banaate hain. Itteba’ e sunnat woh amr hain jis ki taakeed Quraan wa hadees mein baar baar aayi hai aur jis ke fazaael baarhaa bayaan kiye gaye hain.
Allah ﷻ ka irshaad hai:
وَالسَّابِقُونَ الْأَوَّلُونَ مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ وَالْأَنصَارِ وَالَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوهُم بِإِحْسَانٍ رَّضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي تَحْتَهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ​
"Aur who muhajireen aur ansaar jinhon ne sabaqat ki aur emaan laane mein pehel ki aur woh log jinhon ne acchey aur behtar andaaz mein unki itteba’ ki, Allah un sab se raazi huwa aur woh sab Allah se raazi huwe,aur Allah ne unke liye aisey baagh tayaar kar rakhe hain jin ke neeche nehren jaari hain jin mein woh hamesha raheinge, ye badi kamiyaabi hai."
(Surah at-Tawba: 100)

Muhajireen wa ansaar sahaaba itteba’ e Rasool ﷺ ka ‘aala namoona hain, Allah ﷻ ne in se apni razaa ka ‘ailaan kiya, naa sirf unsey balke un tamaam logon se bhi apni razaa ka ‘ailaan kiya jinhon ne acchey andaaz mein un itteba' karne waalon ki itteba’ ki.
Nez irshaad hai:
وَمَن يُشَاقِقِ الرَّسُولَ مِن بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ الْهُدَىٰ وَيَتَّبِعْ غَيْرَ سَبِيلِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ نُوَلِّهِ مَا تَوَلَّىٰ وَنُصْلِهِ جَهَنَّمَ ۖ وَسَاءَتْ مَصِيرًا​
"Jo shaks raah e hidaayat ke waazeh ho jaane ke bawajood bhi Rasool ﷺ ka khilaaf kare aur tamaam mominon ki rah chorkar chale, hum usey udhar hi mutawajja kar denge jidhar woh khud mutawajja huwa aur jahannam mein daal denge, woh pohonchne ki bahut hi buri jagah hai."
(Surah an-Nisaa: 115)

Mazkoorah aayat mein Rasoolﷺ aur emaan waalon ki rah apnaane ka hukum diya gaya hai aur in ki mukhaalifat karne yaa in ki rah chorkar kisi aur taraf jaane se roka gaya hai, zaahir hai ke ahle emaan mein sab se pehle sahaab e kiraam aatey hain aur phir jin logon ne khush usloobi ke saath in ki pairwi ki aur yahi log ahle sunnat hai.
Nez irshaad hai:
وَأَنَّ هَٰذَا صِرَاطِي مُسْتَقِيمًا فَاتَّبِعُوهُ ۖ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا السُّبُلَ فَتَفَرَّقَ بِكُمْ عَن سَبِيلِهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكُمْ وَصَّاكُم بِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ​
"Aur ye (deen) mera seedha raasta hai, so iss deen par chalo, aur doosri rahon par mat chalo, ke woh raahein tum ko Allah ki rah se juda kar deingi. Iss ka tum ko Allah ne takeedi hukum diya hai, taa ke tum taqwa ikhtiyaar karo."
(Surah al-An'aam: 153)

Iss aayat mein siraat e mustaqeem ki pairwi aur itteba' ka hukum diya gaya hai, aur deegar munharif raaston ki itteba' se roka gaya hai. Yahaan siraat e mustaqim se sunnat ki rah muraad hai, aur jin deegar raahon se roka gaya hai woh bida't ke raaste hain. Gunah aur ma'siyat ke raastey yahan muraad nahin ho sakte kyunke 'ibadat wa taqreeb ke khaatir koi shakhs ma'siyat ko mustaqil raasta nahin banaata. Imaam Mujahid farmaatey hain ke aayat mein subul se muraad bid'aat wa shubhaat hain. (tafseer e tabari)

Abdullah bin Mas'ood razi Allah 'anhu ki hadees hai ke Allah ke Rasoolﷺ ne humaare liye apne haat se ek seedhi lakheer kheenchi, phir farmaaya: ye Allah ka seedha raasta hai. Phir Aapne uske daayein aur baayein chand lakheeren kheenchen, aur farmaaya: ye woh raasta hain jin mein se har ek par shaitaan baitha huwa iss ki taraf da'wat de raha hai. Phir aap ne iss aayat ki tilaawat farmaayi:
وَأَنَّ هَٰذَا صِرَاطِي مُسْتَقِيمًا فَاتَّبِعُوهُ ۖ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا السُّبُلَ (الانعام؛ (153)​
(Ye Musnad Ahmed aur Mustadrak Haakim ki sahih hadees hai)

Ek aur muqaam par Allah ﷻ ka irshaad hai:
ثُمَّ جَعَلْنَاكَ عَلَىٰ شَرِيعَةٍ مِّنَ الْأَمْرِ فَاتَّبِعْهَا وَلَا تَتَّبِعْ أَهْوَاءَ الَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ​
"Hum ne aapke liye deen ka ek tareeqa muqarrar kardiya hai Aap bas usi ki itteba' kijiye aur un logon ki khwahishaat ki itteba' naa kijiye jo 'ilm nahin rakhte."
(Surah al-Jaasiya: 18)

Aayat se ma'loom huwa ke itteba' e shari'at hi tamaam deeni '

aamaal ki bunyaad hai.
Yaad rahe ke itteba' hi Allah aur uske Rasoolﷺ se sacchi mohabbat ki 'alamat bhi hai. Irshaad hai:
قُلْ إِن كُنتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللَّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللَّهُ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ​
"Keh dijiye! Agar tum Allah ﷻ se mohabbat rakhte ho toh meri itteba' karo khud Allah ﷻ tum se mohabbat karenga aur tumhaare gunah mu'aaf farmaadega aur Allah ﷻ badaa bakhshne waala meherbaan hai."
(Surah aal-Imraan: 31)

Jab itteba' ka daaman haat se choot jaata hai toh aadmi bid'aton mein giraftaar ho jaata hai. Jab tak itteba' ki rah par mazbooti se qaaem rehta hai tab tak siraat e mustaqim se munharif nahin hota.
Rasoolullahﷺ ka irshaad hai:
(كُلُّ أُمَّتِي يَدْخُلُونَ الْجَنَّةَ اِلَّا مَنْ أَبَي) قَالُوا؛ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، وَ مَنْ يَأْبَي؟ قَالَ؛ مَنْ أَطَاعَنِي دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ وَ مَنْ عَصَانِي فَقَدْ أَبَي​
"Meri saari umaat jannat mein daakhil hogi siwaaye uss ke jo inkaar karde. Sahaaba ne kaha: Aye Allah ke Rasoolﷺ kaun inkaar karega? Aap ﷺ ne farmaaya: jis ne meri pairwi ki jannat mein daaqil hoga aur jis ne naa farmaani ki uss ne inkaar kardiya."
(Ye Bukhaari ki hadees hai)

'Irbaaz bin saariya razi Allahu 'anhu se riwayat hai ke Rasoolullah ﷺ ne hum ko salaat e fajr padhaayi, phir hum ko ek baleegh naseehat farmaayi jis se aankhein beh padien aur dil dehel gaye. Kisi ne kaha: Aye Allah ke Rasool! Goya ye rukhsat karne waale ki naseehat hai lehaaza aap humein wasiyat farmaaiye. Aapﷺ ne farmaaya:
أُوصِيكُمْ بِتَقْوَى اللَّهِ وَالسَّمْعِ وَالطَّاعَةِ وَإِنْ كَانَ عَبْدًا حَبَشِيًّا ، فَإِنَّهُ مَنْ يَعِشْ مِنْكُمْ بَعْدِي يَرَى اخْتِلافًا كَثِيرًا، فَعَلَيْكُمْ بِسُنَّتِي وَسُنَّةِ الْخُلَفَاءِ الرَّاشِدِينَ الْمَهْدِيِّينَ ، تَمَسَّكُوا بِهَا، وَ عَضُّوا عَلَيْهَا بِالنَّوَاجِذِ، وَإِيَّاكُمْ وَمُحْدَثَاتِ الأُمُورِ؛ فَإِنَّ كُلَّ مُحْدَثَةٍ بِدْعَةٌ، وَ إِنَّ كُلَّ بِدْعَةٍ ضَلالَةٌ​
"Main tumhein Allah ke taqwe aur sama‘ o ta'at ki wasiyat karta hoon agarche habshi ghulaam hi kyun naa ho, kyun ke tum mein se jo mere ba'd zinda rahe ga woh bahut saara ikhtelaaf dekhe ga, lehaaza tum meri sunnat aur hidaayat yaafta khulfaa e rashideen ki sunnat ko laazim pakdo, isey mazbooti ke saath thaamlo, isey daanton se mazboot jakadlo, aur apne aapko nayi aijaad shuda cheezon se bachaao, iss liye ke har aijaad shuda cheez bid'at hai, aur har bid'at gumraahi hai."
(Ye Ahmed, Abu dawood, aur Tirmizi ki hadees hai)

Sahaaba e kiraam(rizwaan Allahu 'Alaihim Ajma'een) Nabi e kareem ﷺ ki wasiyat par 'amal karte huwe apni itteba' wa ita'at ka ummat ke liye behetreen namoona chhor gaye. chunaancheh aaiye hum itteba' e sahaaba ke chand waaqe'aat par nazar daalte hain.

Sahih Bukhaari mein 'Abdullah bin 'umar razi allahu 'anhu ki riwaayat hai ke Rasoolullah ﷺ ne sone ki anghooti banwaayi toh sahaaba ne bhi sone ki anghootiyan banwaali, phir Nabiﷺ ne apne sone ki anghooti nikaal phenki aur farmaaya: (Main isey kabhi nahin pehnun ga) toh sahaaba ne bhi apni anghootiyan nikaal phenki.

Nez Bukhari wa Muslim ki riwayat hai ke 'umar Farooq razi Allahu 'Anhu ne hajr e aswad ke paas pohonch kar uss ka bosa diya aur farmaaya: "Mujhe ma'loom hai ke tu ek pathar hai tere andar nafa' wa nuqsaaan ki koi taaqat nahin, agar mai ne Rasoolullahﷺ ko tujhe bosa dete huwe naa dekha hota toh tujhe bosa naa deta."

Sahih Muslim mein Abul Hayyaaj Asadi(rahimahu allah) ki riwayat hai ke 'Ali razi Allahu 'anhu ne mujh se kaha: "kya main tumhein woh zimmedaari dekar naa bhejun jo zimmedaari dekar mujhe Rasoolullah ﷺ ne bheja tha, jo bhi mujassima dekhna usey tod dena jo oonchi qabar dekhna usey zameen ke baraabar kar dena."

Sahaaba e kiraam jahan ek taraf itteba' mein pesh pesh rehte they wahin itteba' ki khilaaf warzi ke ma'mle mein nihaayat sakht they. Chunaancheh aaiye iss ta'alluq se chand waqe'aat par nazar daalte hain.

Sahin Bukhari mein 'Abdullah bin 'umar razi Allahu 'anhu ke sahib zaadey saalim ki riwayat hai ke ek baar 'Abdullah bin 'umar razi Allahu 'Anhu ne Nabiﷺ ki ek hadees bayaan farmaayi ke Nabi ﷺ ne farmaaya hai ke agar 'aurtein masjid jaane ke liye tumse ijaazat chaahen toh inhein masjid jaane se mat roko, un ke ek sahib zaadey Bilaal ne kaha ke hum toh unhein zaroor rokenge. Salim kehte hain ke 'Abdullah razi Allahu 'Anhu ne uss ki taraf mutawajja hokar usey sakht buri gaali di uss jaisi gaali main ne unse kabhi nahin suni thi, aur farmaaya: Main tujh se Rasoolullahﷺ ki hadees bayaan kar raha hoon aur tu kehta hai ke hum unhein zaroor rokenge."

Bukhari wa Muslim mein 'Abdullah bin Mughaffal Razi Allahu 'Anhu ki riwayat hai ke unhon ne ek shakhs ko kankriyon se khelte huwe dekha toh farmaaya: kankriyan phenkne ka khel mat khelo kyunke Rasoolullahﷺ ne uss se mana' farmaaya hai. Nez Aap ka irshaad hai ke uss se naa hi shikaar kiya jaa sakta hai aur naa dushman ko nuqsaan pohonchaaya jaa sakta hai balke basaa auqaat uss se daant toot jaate hain aur aankh phoot jaati hai. Ye waqe'a ho jaane aur uss hadees ke bayaan kar dene ke ba'd ek martaba phir uss shakhs ko kankriyon se khelte huwe dekha toh farmaaya: main ne tujh se bayaan kiya hai ke Rasoolullahﷺ ne iss se roka hai uss ke bawajood tu iss se baaz nahin aata, main tujh se kabhi baat nahin karunga."

Aaimme deen ne bhi hamesha itteba' e sunnat ki takeed ki hai aur uss ke bil muqaabil raaye wa qiyaas, hikaayaat wa manaamaat aur bejaa 'aqliyaat wa falsafyaat se mana' kiya hai. chunaancheh imaam Sha'bi ki riwayat hai ke qaazi shureh ke paas qabeela banu muraad ka ek shakhs aaya aur uss ne poocha: Aye Abu umaiyya! Ungliyon ki diyyat kya hai? Aap ne jawaab diya dus dus oonth, Uss ne kaha Subhaan Allah! Kya anghoota aur choti ungli dono baraabar hain? Qaazi shureh ne kaha Subhaan Allah! Kya tumhaara kaan aur tumhaara haat dono baraabar hain? Kaan itna chota hai ke kabhi baalon se kabhi topi se chup jaata hai jabke dono ki diyyat nifs e diyyat hai. Tumhaara bura ho! Yaad rakho ke sunnat tumhaare qiyaas se aagey hai, Itteba' karo, bid'ati mat bano, jab tak sunnat wa hadees ko mazbooti se thaamey rahoge gumrah nahin hoge. Abu bakr Huzali ka bayaan hai ke imaam sha'bi ne mujh se kaha: Aye Huzali! Agar tumhaare qabeele huzail ka 'aqalmand wa insaaf parwar sardaar ahnaf qatal kar diya jaaye aur ek godh mein palta baccha qatal kar diya jaaye toh dono ki diyyat ek hogi yaa nahin? Maine kaha: ek hogi? Toh Imaam sha'bi ne kaha: Ab qiyaas kahan chalaa gayaa? Ye sunan daarmi ki riwayat hai.

Imaam Auzaa'i farmaate hain: "Hum hamesha sunnat ke saath chalte hain, humein sunnat jahan le jaaye wahan jaate hain." isey imaam laalakaayi ne usool e aiteqaad mein zikr farmaaya hai.

⑧ Firqe naajiya ke manhaj ki aathwi mustahakam bunyaad ye hai ke woh musalmaanon ke ittehaad wa ittefaaq ke harees hote hain kyun ke firqa bandi woh bad-tareen 'amal hai jiss se kitaab wa sunnat mein baar baar mana' kiya gaya hai. Allah ﷻ ka irshaad hai:
وَاعْتَصِمُوا بِحَبْلِ اللَّهِ جَمِيعًا وَلَا تَفَرَّقُوا​
"Sab log mil kar Allah ki rassi ko mazbooti se thaam Lo aur firqa bandi naa karo."
(Surah aal-Imran: 103)

Nez irshaad hai:
وَلَا تَكُونُوا كَالَّذِينَ تَفَرَّقُوا وَاخْتَلَفُوا مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَهُمُ الْبَيِّنَاتُ ۚ وَأُولَٰئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ​
"Tum unlogon ki tarah naa hojaana jinhon ne apne paas raushan daleelein aajaane ke ba'd bhi tafreeqa daala aur ikhtelaaf kiya, inhin logon ke liye badaa 'azaab hai."
(Surah aal-Imraan: 105)

Sahih Muslim mein Abu hurairah razi Allahu 'anhu se marwi hai ke Rasoolullahﷺ ne farmaaya: Allah ﷻ tumhaare liye teen baaton ko pasand karta hai: Allah ﷻ tumhaare liye ye pasand karta hai ke tum sirf usi ki 'ibaadat karo aur uss ke saath kuch bhi shirk naa karo, aur tum sab mil kar Allah ki rassi ko mazbooti se thaam lo aur firqa bandi naa karo, aur ye ke tum uss shakhs ke saath naa-sihaana aur hamdardaana rawaiyya ikhtiyaar karo jis ko Allah ne tumhaare umoor ka waali aur zimmedaar banaaya hai..

Musalmaanon ke ittehaad wa ittefaaq, aapasi mohabbat wa hamdardi aur baahami ta'aoon wa bhai chaargi ko hadees mein ek zabardast misaal ke zariye samjhaaya gaya hai
عَن النُّعْمَانِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ؛ ( مَثَلُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ فِي تَوَادِّهِمْ وَتَرَاحُمِهِمْ وَتَعَاطُفِهِمْ مَثَلُ الْجَسَدِ؛ إِ

ذَا اشْتَكَى مِنْهُ عُضْوٌ تَدَاعَى لَهُ سَائِرُ الْجَسَدِ بِالسَّهَرِ وَالْحُمَّى)​
"Baahami mohabbat wa shafaqat aur rehemdili mein mominon ki misaal ek jism ki si hai, agar ek 'uzu ko takleef hoti hai toh saara badan bukhaar aur bedaari ke saath tadap jaata hai."
(Ye Bukhari aur Muslim ki hadees hai).

Ahle sunnat wa jama'at ke afraad ijtehaadi masaael mein ba'z ikhtelaafaat ke bawajood aapas mein ek doosre se mohabbat karte hain, ek doosre ke peeche salaat adaa karte hain. aapas mein bugz wa 'adawat nahin rakhte, naa tafreqa baazi aur group bandi karte hain aur naa hi takfeer wa tazleel karte hain. Ahle saunnat ka maanna hai ke ijtehaadi masaael ki binaa par group bandi karna ahle bid'at ka tareeqa hai.

Allah ﷻ Se Dua Hai Ke Rab E Kareem Humein Haq Ko Haq Ki Soorat Mein Dikhlaaye Aur Us Ki Itteba' Ko Taufeeq Se Nawaaze Aur Baatil Ko Baatil Ki Soorat Mein Dikhlaaye Aur Us Se Door Bahut Door Mehfooz Rakhe. Aameen.
وآخر دعوانا أن الحمد الله رب العالمين، وصلى االلهعلى نبينا وسلم​

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