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Khwahish-e-nafs bad tareen ma’bood-----Hadees ki tehqeeq

Umar Asari

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Khwahish-e-nafs bad tareen ma’bood-----Hadees ki tehqeeq

Tehreer: Shaikh Khizar Hayat Hafizahullah

Romanised By: Umar Asari

Social Media par ek Hadees kuch jaghon par nazar aati hai, aaj us ke mutalliq kisi ne sawaal bhi kiya hai, jo kuch is tarah hai:
Sawaal: Mohtaram Shaikh saheb is Hadees ki sanad ke baare mein bata den: Hazrat Abu Umamah Radhiallahu Anhu ki riwayat hai ke Nabi ﷺ ne farmaaya:
Is aasman ke neeche Allah ﷻ ke siwa jitne ma’bood bhi pooje jaa rahe hain un mein Allah ke nazdeek bad tareen ma’bood woh khwahish-e-nafs hai jis ki pairwi ki jaa rahi ho. (Tabarani)


Jawaab: Imam Tabarani Rahimahullah naql karte hain:
حدثنا محمد بن عثمان بن سعيد أبو عمر الضرير الكوفي، ثنا أحمد بن يونس، ثنا إسماعيل بن عياش، عن الحسن بن دينار، عن الخصيب بن جحدر، عن راشد بن سعد، عن أبي أمامة قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: ما تحت ظل السماء من إله يعبد من دون الله أعظم من عند الله من هوى متبع​
(Al-Mo’jam-ul-Kabeer Lit-Tabarani: 8/103, Hadees No: 7502)
Mazeed yeh riwayat As-Sunnah Li-Ibn-e-Abi Asim, Hilyat-ul-Auliya Li-Abi Nu’aim aur Al-Ibanah Li-Ibn-e-Battah waghera mein hai, lekin is ki tamaam Asaneed ka madaar Al-Hasan bin Dinaar par hai aur woh Al-Khaseeb bin Jahdar se riwayat karte hain. Jabki yeh dono rawi “Matrook-ul-Hadees” hain. Lehaza yeh Hadees ba-aitebaar-e-sanad (sanad ke aitebaar se) sakht Za’eef hai.
Khwahish-e-nafs ko ilaah (ma’bood) banaane ke mutalliq Qurani Aayaat bilkul wazeh hain, jaisa ke farmaan-e-ilaahi hai:
أَفَرَ‌أَيْتَ مَنِ اتَّخَذَ إِلَـٰهَهُ هَوَاهُ وَأَضَلَّهُ اللَّـهُ عَلَىٰ عِلْمٍ وَخَتَمَ عَلَىٰ سَمْعِهِ وَقَلْبِهِ وَجَعَلَ عَلَىٰ بَصَرِ‌هِ غِشَاوَةً فَمَن يَهْدِيهِ مِن بَعْدِ اللَّـهِ ۚ أَفَلَا تَذَكَّرُ‌ونَ​
Tarjumah: Kya Aap ne use bhi dekha? Jis ne apni khwahish-e-nafs ko apna ma’bood bana rakha hai aur bawjood samajh boojh ke Allah ne use gumraah kar diya hai aur us ke kaan aur dil par mohar laga di hai aur us ki aankh par bhi pardah daal diya hai ab aise shakhs ko Allah ke baad kaun hidaayat de sakta hai?
(Al-Jaathiyah, Surah No: 45 Ayat No: 23)

Imaam Ibn-e-Battah Rahimahullah farmaate hain:
أَعَاذَنَا اللَّهُ وَإِيَّاكُمْ مِنَ الْآرَاءِ الْمُخْتَرِعَةِ، وَالْأَهْوَاءِ الْمُتَّبِعَةِ، وَالْمَذَاهِبِ الْمُبْتَدِعَةِ، فَإِنَّ أَهْلَهَا خَرَجُوا عَنِ اجْتِمَاعٍ إِلَى شَتَاتٍ، وَعَنْ نِظَامٍ إِلَى تَفَرُّقٍ، وَعَنْ أُنْسٍ إِلَى وَحْشَةٍ، وَعَنِ ائْتِلَافٍ إِلَى اخْتِلَافٍ، وَعَنْ مَحَبَّةٍ إِلَى بُغْضَةٍ، وَعَنْ نَصِيحَةٍ وَمُوَالَاةٍ إِلَى غِشٍّ وَمُعَادَاةٍ، وَعَصَمَنَا وَإِيَّاكُمْ مِنَ الِانْتِمَاءِ إِلَى كُلِّ اسْمٍ خَالَفَ الْإِسْلَامَوَالسُّنَّةَ​
Tarjumah: Allah hum sab ko man ghadat aaraa (opinions), khwaahishaat-e-nafsaani, bid’ati mazaahib se panaah mein rakhe, ke un se talluq rakhne waale log ijtima’iyyat se tashattut (tukde tukde hona), nizaam se iftiraaq, uns (lagaao) se wahshat, ittefaaq se ikhtilaaf, mohabbat se bughz, naseehat-o-hamdardi se dushmani aur dhoke ki taraf nikal chuke hain, aur Allah hamein Islam aur Sunnat ke mukhalif har naam ki taraf intisaab se bhi mehfooz rakhe.
(Al-Ibanat-ul-Kubra Li-Ibn-e-Battah: 1/388)