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Kya Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki paidaish ki raat Shab e Qadr se bhi afzal hai?

Umar Asari

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بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Kya Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki paidaish ki raat Shab e Qadr se bhi afzal hai?

Tehreer: Shaikh Maqbool Ahmad Salafi Hafizahullah

Aksar Sufi ka yeh kehna hai ke Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki paidaish ki raat Shab e Qadr se bhi afzal hai balki yeh keh len ki Sufiya ka is baat par ittefaaq hai aur woh is baat ki kuch wujuhaat (reasons) paish karte hain:
(1) Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki paidaish ki raat, Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke zuhoor ki raat hai aur Shab e Qadr ata ki raat hai is wajah se Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke zuhoor ka sharf ata ke sharf se afzal hai.

(2) Shab e Qadr firshton ke nuzool ki wajah se sharf ka sabab hai jabki Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki paidaish ki raat Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke zuhoor se musharraf hai is wajah se Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki paidaish ki raat, Shab e Qadr se afzal hai.

(3) Shab e Qadr ki fazeelat sirf Ummat e Mohammadiyah par hai jabki Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki paidaish ki raat ki fazeelat saare maujodaat par hai, Allah ne Aap ko saare logon ke liye rehmat bana kar bheja is tarah se Aap ki nemat poori makhlooq par aam hai to Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki paidaish ki raat nafa (faida) ke aitbaar se aam hai.

Maidan e Tasawwuf mein yeh sab Sufiya ki ijaadat hain, Shariyat mein un ki baton ka koi aitbaar nahi kiunki in baton par shariyat se koi daleel nahi milti hai. Yeh baat apni jagah durust hai ke Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ka zuhoor rehmat, sharf aur fazeelat ka baa’is (sabab) hai magar baghair suboot ke paidaish ki raat ki fazeelat bayan karna aur usay Shab e Qadr se afzal qarar dena baatil aur mardood hai. Allah Taala ne apni kitaab mein ya Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ne apne farmaan mein Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki paidaish ki raat ki koi fazeelat nahi batayi hai, is ke bar’aks (opposite) Kitaabulllah aur Sunnat e Rasool Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam mein Shab e Qadr ke bahut fazail hain.
Lailat ul Qadr (Shab e Qadr) ki ahmiyat o fazeelat par ek mukammal Surat nazil hue hai jis se us ki fazeelat ka bakhoobi andaza lagaya jaa sakta hai:
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
إِنَّا أَنْزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ۞ وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ۞ لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ۞ تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِمْ مِنْ كُلِّ أَمْرٍ۞ سَلَامٌ هِيَ حَتَّىٰ مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ​
Tarjumah: Beshak hum ne isey (Quran) ko shab e Qadr mein nazil farmaya. Aur Aap ko kya maloom ke shab e qadr kya hai. Shab e Qadr hazaar mahino se behtar hai. Is (mein har kaam) ke sar anjaam deney ko apney Rab ke hukm se farishtey aur Rooh (Jibraeel) utartey hain. Yeh raat salamti ki hoti hai aur Fajr ke tulu honay tak (rehti hai).
{Surah al Qadr: Surah No: 97 (Mukammal)}

Is Surat mein chand fazail ka zikr hai:
¤
Shab e Qadr mein quran ka nuzool howa yani aikbaargi mukammal quran Looh e Mehfooz se aasman e duniya par nazil kiya gaya jo 23 salon mein qalb e Mohammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam par nazil kiya gaya.

¤ Yeh qadr o manzilat wali raat hai, qadr ki tafseel Allah ne hazaar mahino se bayan ki jo mubalgha par Dalalat karta hai yani yeh raat hazaron mahinon se behtar hai.

¤ Yeh is qadr azeem raat hai ke is mein firshton khaas taur se Jibraeel Alaihissalam ka nuzool hota hai un kamon ko sar-anjaam dainay jin ka faisla Allah Taala is saal ke liye karta hai.

¤ Yeh mukammal raat sarapa aman o salamti wali hai. Momin bandah shaitan ke shar se mehfooz ho kar rab ki khalis ibadat karta hai.

¤ Is raat saal mein honay walay mout aur zindagi aur zindagi ke wasaail ke baarey mein saal bhar ka faisla kiya jaata hai:
فِيهَا يُفْرَقُ كُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَكِيمٍ​
Tarjumah: Isi raat mein har aik mazboot kaam ka faisla kiya jata hai.
(Surah Ad-Dukhan, Surah No: 44, Ayat No: 4)

¤ Lailatul qadr mein qiyam ka sawaab pichley saaray gunaaho ka kaffara hai. Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ka farman hai:
مَنْ قَامَ لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ إِيمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ​
Tarjumah: Jo koi shab e qadar mein Emaan ke saath or sawaab ke hasil karney ki niyat se qiyam karta hai us ke sabiqa (guzrey hue) tamam gunah maaf kar diye jatay hain.
(Sahih Bukhari: 1901)

¤ Lailatul qadr ki fazeelat se mahroom honay wala har qisam ki bhalai se mahroom hai:
عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ دَخَلَ رَمَضَانُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏إِنَّ هَذَا الشَّهْرَ قَدْ حَضَرَكُمْ وَفِيهِ لَيْلَةٌ خَيْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ مَنْ حُرِمَهَا فَقَدْ حُرِمَ الْخَيْرَ كُلَّهُ وَلاَ يُحْرَمُ خَيْرَهَا إِلاَّ مَحْرُومٌ​
Tarjumah: Anas bin Malik Radhiallahu Anhu se riwayat hai wo kehtey hain ki ramadhan ka maheena shuru hua to Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi ne farmaya: Tumharey paas yeh maheena aagya hai, is mein aik raat hai jo hazaar (1000) mahino se afzal hai. Jo shakhs is raat (ka sawaab hasil karney) se mahroom reh gaya, wo har bhalai se mahroom reh gaya. Iskey khair se wahi mehroom rehta hai jo waqa’ee mehroom hai.
(Ibne Majah: 1644)
! Allama Albani Rahimahullah ne is Hadees ko sahih kaha hai.


In ke alawah bhi be-shumaar fazail hain article lamba na ho isliye itne par hi iktifa kiya jaa raha hai kiunki inhin baton se Shab e Qadr ke afzal hone ka andaza lagana kaafi hai.
Sufi aur barelwi hazraat Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki paidaish ki raat ke afzal hone par kuch ulama ke aqwaal bhi naqal karte hain. Un mein se ek qaul jo ziyada phailaaya jaata hai Imam Tahawi Rahimahullah (239-321 h) ka hai jo ki aap baaz Shafiyon se naqal karte hain:
أن أفضل الليالي ليلة مولده صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم ، ثم ليلة القدر، ثم ليلة الإسراء والمعراج، ثم ليلة عرفة، ثم ليلة الجمعة، ثم ليلة النصف من شعبان، ثم ليلة العيد​
Tarjumah: Raton mein se sab se afzal Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki paidaish ki raat, phir Shab e Qadr, phir Shab e Israa aur Meraj (Israa aur Meraj ki raat), phir Shab e Arafah (Arafah ki raat), phir Shab e Juma’ (Juma’ ki raat), phir Sha’baan ki pandrahveen shab (15 Sha'baan ki raat) aur phir Shab e Eid (Eid ki raat) hai.
Allama Shihabuddin Mahmood Aaloosi Imam Tahawi Rahimahullah ka yeh qaul naqal karne ke baad likhte hain «أنا لا أرى أن له ما يعول عليه في ذلك» yani main nahi samjhta hun ke is baat par aitemaad kiya jayega. (Dekhen Tafseer Aloosi: 30/194)
Yani is baat ki koi daleel nahi hai, is par aitemaad nahi kiya jayega. Is qaul mein kayi baton ka suboot nahi hai aur kayi batein qabil e tambeeh hain.

Khulasa ke taur par yeh jaan len ke raton mein sab se afzal raat Shab e Qadr hai jo daleel se saabit hai aur Sufiya ka yeh qaul baatil hai ke Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki paidaish ki raat Shab e Qadr se afzal hai.
 

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