Umar Asari

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Manasik e Hajj Aur Mukhaalifat e Hanafiyyah wa Brelwiyyah

Tehreer: Shaikh Maqbool Ahmad Salafi Hafizahullah

Romanised By: Umar Asari

(1) Ehraam Ki Makhsoos Namaz:
Ehraam ki koi makhsoos (khas) namaz Ahadees se saabit nahi hai magar Ahnaaf mein yeh namaz Umrah aur Hajj karney walon ke liye bohot ahem maani jaati hai, Paanch (5) waqt ki namazon se koi unkey yahan kitna hi ghaafil kiyun na ho magar yeh (Ehraam ki) Namaz nahi chor sakta. Mera tajurbah (experience) hai logon ke saath. Meqaat pe Deobandi hazraat Umrah ki gaadi (گاڑی) chor detey hain magar yeh namaz nahi chortey.

(2) Hajj Aur Umrah Ki Niyat:
Ahadees se Umrah ke liye Labbaika Umratan (لَبَّيْك عُمْرَةً) aur Hajj ke liye Labbaika Hajjan (لَبَّيْك حَجًّا) ke alfaaz niyat ke taur par saabit hain magar Ahnaaf ke yahan apni banawati niyat hai jis ki taleem wo logon ko detey hain. Durr e Mukhtaar mein Hajj ki niyat is tarah sikhaai gai hai:
اَللّٰهُمَّ إِنِّي أُرِيْدُ الْحَجَّ، فَيَسِّرْه لِي، وَتَقَبَّلْه مِنِّی، وَأَعِنِّي عَلَيْه، وَبَارِکْ لِي فِيْه، نَوَيْتُ الْحَجَّ، وَأَحْرَمْتُ بِهﷲِ تَعَالٰي حصکفی، الدر المختار، کتاب الحج، 2 : 482
Tarjumah: Aye Allah! Main Hajj ka iradah karta hun, pas is ko mere liye aasaan kar de, aur isey mujh se qabool kar le, aur is mein meri madad farma, aur is mein mere liye barkat farma, main ne hajj ki niyat ki, aur is ke saath Allah Taala ke liye Ehraam baandha.

(3) Makkah Mein Dakhil Honay Ki Dua:
Ahnaaf ke yahan Makkah mein dakhil honay ki yeh dua bataai jaati hai:
اَللّٰهُمَّ إِنَّ هٰذَا حَرَمُکَ وَحَرَمُ رَسُوْلِکَ، فَحَرِّمْ لَحْمِي وَدَمِي وَعَظْمِي عَلَی النَّارِ، الَلّٰهُمَّ اٰمِنِّي مِنْ عَذَابِکَ يَوْمَ تَبْعَثُ عِبَادَکَ، وَاجْعَلْنِي مِنْ أُوْلِيآئِکَ وَأَهْلِ طَاعَتِکَ، وَتُبْ عَلَيَّ، إِنَّکَ أَنْتَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيْمُ​
Yeh dua Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam se saabit nahi hai, Albatta Masjid e Haram mein daakhil hongey to yeh dua padhengey (waisay yeh kisi bhi masjid mein daakhil hotey waqt padh saktey hain):
أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ الْعَظِيمِ، وَبِوَجْهِهِ الْكَرِيمِ، وَسُلْطَانِهِ الْقَدِيمِ، مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ، بِسْمِ اللَّهِ، وَالسَّلَامُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ، اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي ذُنُوبِي وَافْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِكَ​
(Abu Dawood: 466 and Ibn e Majah: 771)

(4) Baab us Salam Se Dakhil Honay Ki Dua:

اللّٰهُمَّ أَنْتَ السَّلَامُ، وَمِنْکَ السَّلَامُ، فَحَيِّنَا رَبَّنَا بِالسَّلَامِ، وَأَدْخِلْنَا الْجَنَّةَ دَارَ السَّلَامِ، تَباَرَکْتَ وَتَعَالَيْتَ يَا ذَا الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِکْرَامِ​
Yeh dua Baab us Salam se dakhil hotey waqt padhi jaati hai jabki Baab us Salam ya aur kisi baab se dakhil honay ki koi khaas dua Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam se saabit nahi hai.

(5) Ka’ba Ko Pehli Nazar Dekhnay Ki Dua:
Aik dua naqal ki gai hai jo Ka’ba par nazar padney ke waqt padhney ka zikr milta hai, woh dua kuch is tarah hai:
اللَّهُمَّ زِدْ هَذَا الْبَيْتَ تَشْرِيفًا وَتَعْظِيمًا وَتَكْرِيمًا وَمَهَابَةً ، وَزِدْ مِنْ شَرَّفَهُ وَكَرَّمَهُ مِمَّنْ حَجَّهُ وَاعْتَمَرَهُ تَشْرِيفًا وَتَكْرِيمًا وَتَعْظِيمًا وَبِرًّا​
Yeh dua kai Turuq se marwi hai magar tamam ke tamam Tareeq Zaeef hain.
Isi tarah yeh bhi aiteqaad rakha jaata hai ke Ka’ba ko pehli baar dekhney ke waqt jo dua ki jati hai woh qabool hoti hai. Is qism ki kuch duayen marwi hain lekin koi bhi saabit nahi hai.

(6) Tawaf Ki Niyat:
Niyat dil ke iradey ka naam hai, kisi bhi amal se pehlay woh niyat dil mein paida ho jaati hai usey zabaan se zahir karney ki waisey bhi zaroorat nahi kiyunki Allah Taala Samee Aur Baseer (sab kuch sun-ney aur dekhnay wala) hai. Mazeed Tawaaf ke liye zabaan se zahir kar ke koi niyat karney ka suboot nahi milta magar Ahnaaf ke yahan is ki taleem di jati hai.

(7) Ka’ba Ke Har Rukn Ki Makhsoos Duayen:
Khana e Ka’ba ke charon Rukn (Rukn e Shaami, Rukn e Iraqi, Rukn e Yamaani aur Hajr e Aswad) ki makhsoos duayen un ki kitabon mein milti hain jo ki sabit nahi hain. Sahih Hadees se Rukn e Yamaani aur Hajr e Aswad ke darmiyan yeh dua padhney ka suboot milta hai:
رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً، وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ​
Tarjumah: Aye hamarey Rab! Hamein dunyan mein bhalaai ata farma, aur aakhirat mein bhi, aur hamein jahannum ke Azaab se bacha ley.
(Abu Dawood: 1892)

(8) Tawaf Ke Har Chakkar Ki Makhsoos Duayen:

Tawaf ke har chakkar ki duayen un ke yahan bataai jaati hain, yeh tafseel ka mauqa nahi ki saari duayen zikr karun albatta yeh kehna chahta hun ke Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam se kisi chakkar ki koi makhsoos dua saabit nahi hai, (Rukn e Yamaani aur Hajr e Aswad ke darmiyan “رَبَّنَا” wali dua saabit hai) is liye Tawaf ke saaton chakkron mein baghair ta’een ke koi bhi dua padh saktey hain.

(9) Sa’ee (سعی) Ki Niyat:
Ahnaaf ke yahan Sa’ee ki in alfaaz ke saath niyat ki jaati hai:
اَللّٰهُمَّ إِنِِّي أُرِيْدُ السَّعْيَ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ سَبْعَةَ أَشْوَاطٍ لِّوَجْهِکَ الْکَرِيْمِ فَيَسِّرْه لِي وَتَقَبَّلْه مِنِّي​
Niyat ke talluq se main ne upar kaha hai ke Hajj ya Umrah ka Ehraam bandhtey waqt hi niyat ki jati hai, baad mein Tawaf ya Sa’ee ke liye makhsoos alfaaz mein koi niyat saabit nahi hai.

(10) Sa’ee Ki Makhsoos Duayen:
Safa aur Marwah par yeh dua karna saabit hai:
لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ، لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ، أَنْجَزَ وَعْدَهُ، وَنَصَرَ عَبْدَهُ، وَهَزَمَ الْأَحْزَابَ وَحْدَهُ​
Tarjumah: Allah ke alawah koi sachcha Ma’bood nahi wo akela hai uska koi shareek nahi, uskey liye baadshaahat hai aur usi ke liye tamaam ta’reefat hain aur wo har cheez par qaadir hai, uskey alawah koi sachcha Ma'bood nahi wo akela hai, usney apna wada poora kar diya, apney bandey ki madad ki aur akeley hi tamaam lashkaron ko shikast di.
(Sahih Muslim: 1298)

Baqi chakkron mein koi bhi dua kar saktey hain. Ahnaaf ke nazdeek Sa’ee ki bohot saari masnoo’ee (banawti) duayen chalti hain un se apney aapko bacha kar rakhen.

(11) Mina Mein Mukammal Namaz:
Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ne Mina mein Qasr kar ke namaz padhi thi lehaza hamein bhi Qasr kar ke Mina mein namaz padhni chahiye magar Ahnaaf ke yahan is sunnat ki mukhalifat ki jaati hai aur woh mukammal namaz padhtey hain. Safar wali Ahadees se istedlaal kartey hain (means daleel pakadtey hain) halaanki Manasik e Hajj (ceremonies of Hajj) ki kaifiyat bilkul wazahat se saabit hai, tamam Sahaba chahey wo muqeem hon ya musafir Hajj mein sab ne Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke saath Mina mein Qasr kiya tha. Is liye yahan safar wali hadees fit karna sahih nahi hai. Is talluq se Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke tareeqe ko dekhna hoga aur us par chalna hoga. Aur Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ka tareeqa yeh tha ki Aap ne Qasr kiya tha.

(12) Arafat Mein Mukammal Namaz:
Sunnat ke mutabiq Arafat mein Zohr ke waqt Zohr aur Asr ki namaz “Jama Taqdeem” ke saath Qasr kar ke padhna hai magar Hanfi Fiqah ki roshni mein yeh dono namazein apney apney waqt mein mukammal (bagair qasr ke) padhni hai. Yeh Sareeh (wazeh) sunnat ki mukhalifat hai.

(13) Muzdalifah Mein Mukammal Namaz:
Hamein taajjub hota hai Fiqah e Hanfi par, unkey according Arafat mein namazein jama karna jaayez nahi magar unki fiqah kehti hai ke Arafat se jab Muzdalifah aana hai to sooraj doob jaaney ke baad bhi Arafat mein ya raastey mein Maghrib ki namaz nahi padhni hai Muzdalifah mein hi padhni hai. Ab zara mujhey batayen Muzdalifah mein Isha ke waqt jo Maghrib aur Isha ki namaz padhtey hain kya yeh Jama nahi hai? Yahi cheez Arafat mein mana hai aur Muzdalifa mein jaayez?
Khair! Yahan bhi sunnat ki mukhalifat ki jaati hai yani namazein jama to ki jaati hain magar Qasr nahi ki jati jabki sunnat ki roshni mein Muzdalifah mein Maghrib aur Isha ki namazein “Jama Takheer” se Qasr ke saath padhni chahiye.

(14) Jamarat Ka Naam Shaitaan:
Hanfi logon mein Jamarah (is ka plural Jamarat hai) jisey kankari maartey hain us ka naam Shaitaan mash-hoor hai, yeh badi galati hai. Us ka naam Jamarah hai, usey Shaitaan kehna aur Shaitaan samajh kar ihanat (contemn) se usay kankari maarna galat Aqeedah hai. Apney aqeeday ki islaah karen.

(15) Hajj e Akbar Ka Nazariya:
Logon mein yeh baat bhi mash-hoor kar di gayi hai ke Arafah agar jumay (friday) ke din pad jaaye to Hajj e Akbar hai. Halaanki aisi koi daleel nahi milti albatta Yaum un Nahar ko Hajj e Akbar ka din kehna saabit hai.

(16) Yaum un Nahar ko A’amaal e Hajj Ki Tarteeb Ka Wujoob:
Hajj e Tamattu’ (حج تمتع) karney walon ke liye Yaum un Nahar ko Hajj ke A’amaal ki tarteeb is tarah hai. Pehlay Rami e Jamarah (Uqba), phir Qurbani, Us ke baad Halaq ya Qasr karna, us ke baad Tawaaf e Ifazah phir Sa’ee. Yeh tarteeb agar badal jaye to koi harj nahi kiyunki is tarteeb se mutalliq Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ka farmaan hai:
افْعَلْ وَلاَ حَرَجَ‏​
Yani in kamon mein se jis mein aasaani ho pehlay karlo koi harj nahi. (Tafseel ke liye dekhen, Sahih Bukhari: 1736) Magar Ahnaaf ke yahan tarteeb wajib hai. Koi aadmi baghair Qurbani kiye baal nahi munda sakta. Is wujoob ki wajah se Yaum un Nahar ko Hanfi log kaafi pareshan rehtey hain aur baal mundaney se pehlay Qurbani karney ke chakkar mein bohot saari mushkilaat ka saamna kartey hain halanki tarteeb sirey se wajib hi nahi. Allah Taala ne hamein aasaan deen diya hai magar Ahl e Raye ne usey logon ke liye mushkil bana diya.

(17) Aurat Ka Chehra Kholna:
Aurton mein yeh baat kaafi mash-hoor hai ke Hajj mein parda nahi hai jabki Hijaab har jagaah wajib hai chahey Hajj ho ya Hajj ke alawah doosra mauqa. Kuch aurton mein yeh baat mash-hoor hai ke chehrey se koi kapda nahi choona chahiye is liye aurtein Hajj mein english Cap lagati hain. Kya hi mazhaka-khez (ridiculous,laughable) amal hai.

(18) Ehtiyati Dam Ka Tasawwur:
Hanfi logon mein ehtiyaqt bohot mai’ney rakhta hai jaisey Zohr e Ehtiyaati (Zohr e Ehtiyaati yeh hai ki Juma ke din ehtiyaat ke taur par Zohr padhi jayee). Ahnaaf ke yahan Hajj mein bhi bohot saari ehtiyaat hain un mein sab se ahem dam (دم) ki ehtiyaat hai. Aksar Hanfi Hujjaj (Hanfi Pilgrims) is liye dam detey hain ke hajj mein kahin koi galati na ho gayi ho. Bechaarey aam logon ke saath Hajj par aaney waley adhoorey ilm waley rehnuma (leaders, mentors) ki yeh karam-farmai (condescending) hai jo unhein is qism ka sabaq padhatey hain. Dam us waqt dena hai jab maloom ho ke us se Hajj ke wajibaat mein se koi wajib choota hai ya Ehraam ke Mehzoorat ka irtikaab kiya hai. A’amaal e Hajj par shak karna aur shak ki bunyaad par dam dena Imaan mein shak ki daleel hai.

(19) Bida’ee (بدعی) A’amaal:
Barelwiyon ki tarah Ahnaaf ke yahan bhi Hajj mein Bida’ee A’amaal anjaam diye jaatey hain, jin mein deewar o dar, paththar, ped (trees) wagera se barkat lena, Kabootaro (pigeons) ko dana daalna, us ka khaaya huwa dana chunna, kankari dhona, Zamzam se kafan dhona aur waseeley ke zariya dua karna waghera shaamil hain.

(20) Zaeef aur Banawti Duayen:
Upar kuch duaon ka zikr kiya gya hai jo Sahih Hadees se saabit nahi hain. In ke alawah Hajj mein kai maqamat pe makhsoos duayen ki jaati hain jo saabit nahi hain balki kuch to manghadat (trumped) hain. Jaisay Safa aur Marwah par chadhtey, utartey waqt ki dua, Marwah ki taraf chalney ki dua, hari batti ke darmiyan ki dua, Waadi e Mina ki dua, Arafat ki taraf rawaangi (yani jaaney) ki dua, Arafat mein dakhil honay ki dua, Wuqoof e Arafah ki dua, Muzdalifah ki taraf jaaney ki dua, Wuqoof e Muzdalifah ki dua, Qiyaam e Muzdalifah mein subah ki namaz ke baad ki dua, Jamra e Uqbah ki Rami (رمی) se pehlay ki dua, Tawaaf e Wida’ ki dua, Khana e Ka’ba se juda (alag) hotey waqt ki dua waghera. In mein se koi dua saabit nahi hai.

(21) Hajj Mein Farz Aur Wajib Ki Taqseem:
Haqeeqat mein Farz aur Wajib ke darmiyan koi farq nahi magar Ahnaaf ke yahan in dono mein farq kiya jaata hai. Hajj ke arkaan ko Ahnaaf Farayez (farz) ka naam detey hain halaanki inhein Arkaan kaha jayega Farayez nahi. Un ke yahan Farayez ki ta’daad mein bhi ikhtelaaf hai. Kuch chaar (4), kuch paanch (5), kuch che (6) mantey hain jabki dalail ki roshni mein Hajj ke Arkaan chaar (4) hain.

(22) Masjid e Aisha Se Baar Baar Umrah Karna:
Hajj e Qira’an mein Umrah aur Hajj aik saath hota hai, Hajj e Tamattu’ mein pehlay Umrah karna hai phir Hajj karna hai. Ahnaaf ke yahan khaas taur se Hajj e Tamattu’ karney waley Hajj se pehlay baar baar Umrah kartey hain jis se Manasik e Hajj (ceremonies of Hajj) ki sareeh mukhalifat hoti hai. Is amal se seedhey saadey log bhi behak jatey hain aur woh bhi dekha dekhi aisa karney lag jatey hain.

(23) Makkah Walon Ke Liye Hajj e Ifraad:
Ahnaaf mein yeh bhi mash-hoor hai ke Makkah walon ke liye sirf Hajj e Ifraad hai jabki un ke paas koi daleel nahi hai. Durust baat yeh hai ki teeno qism ka Hajj jaisey aam logon ke liye hai waisey hi Makkah walon ke liye bhi hai.

(24) Madinah Ki Ziyarat Ka Tasawwur:
Zaeef Ahadees ki bunyaad par yeh kaha jaata hai ke Madinah ki Ziyarat Hajj ka aik hissa hai balki yeh maana jaata hai ke Rouza (Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke qabr) ki ziyarat hajj ka itmam (poora hona) hai. Halaanki Tawaf e Wida’ Hajj ka aakhri amal hai, us ke baad Hajj mukammal ho jata hai.
 

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