Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke fazaail se mutalliq chand baaton ki tehqeeq


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Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke fazaail se mutalliq chand baaton ki tehqeeq


Tehreer: Shaikh Maqbool Ahmad Salafi Hafizahullah

Romanised By: Umar Asari

Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki shaan sab se niraali hai, Quran o Hadees ke muta'addid dalaail se Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke be-shumaar fazaail aur la-jawaab aur be-misaal shaan o shaukat ka andazah lagta hai. Insaani tareekh mein aise pehle aadmi hain jinhein Allah Ta'ala ne yeh buland maqam o martaba diya. Aap ki rif'at e shaan ke bawjood Aap ek bashar hain. Ek bashar hone ke naate Aap mein waise hi bashari awsaaf the jo ek insaan mein paaye jaate hain. Haan Aap baaz bashari awsaaf mein insaanon se mumtaaz hain jo sahih daleel se saabit hain. Masalan Aap ka paseena behad khushboodaar tha.
Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki shaan mein ghulu karne waalon ne woh baatein bhi Aap ki taraf mansoob kar di jo bashari awsaaf se upar hain aur jin ki koi sahih daleel waarid nahi hai. Is qism ki baaton ke mutalliq Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ne farmaaya tha:
لاَ تُطْرُونِي كَمَا أَطْرَتِ النَّصَارَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ، فَإِنَّمَا أَنَا عَبْدُهُ، فَقُولُوا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولُهُ​
Tarjumah: Mujhe mere martabe se ziyada na badhaao jaise Isa Ibn-e-Maryam Alaihimassalam ko nasaara ne un ke rutbe se ziyada badha diya hai. Main to sirf Allah ka bandah hun, is liye yahi kaha karo (mere mutalliq) ke main Allah ka bandah aur us ka Rasool hun.
(Sahih Al-Bukhari: 3445 )

Neeche chand baaton ki tehqeeq pesh ki jaa rahi hai jo Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki taraf mansoob ki jaati hain.
Pehli baat: Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ko kabhi oongh nahi aati thi.
Jawaab: Neend insaan ki zaroorat aur un ka khaassa hai, is liye Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam bhi sote aur jaagte balki Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ne hamaare liye sone aur jaagne ka behtareen uswah pesh kiya hai jis mein jaldi sone, sote waqt azkaar padhne, daayen karwat sone, jaldi bedaar hone, bedaar hote waqt dua padhne ke aadaab sikhlaaye hain. Bukhari shareef ki mashhoor Hadees hai jis mein teen qism ke afraad mein se ek ne kaha main raat bhar Namaz padhta rahunga, doosre ne kaha main hamesha roza rakhta rahunga, teesre ne kaha main aurton se alag rahunga, shaadi nahi karunga. Jab yeh baatein Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ko ma’loom huin to Aap ne farmaaya:
أَمَا وَاللَّهِ إِنِّي لَأَخْشَاكُمْ لِلَّهِ وَأَتْقَاكُمْ لَهُ لَكِنِّي أَصُومُ وَأُفْطِرُ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَأُصَلِّي وَأَرْقُدُ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَأَتَزَوَّجُ النِّسَاءَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَمَنْ رَغِبَ عَنْ سُنَّتِي فَلَيْسَ مِنِّي​
Tarjumah: Sun lo! Allah Ta'ala ki qasam! Allah Rabb ul Aalameen se main tum sab se ziyada darne waala hun. Main tum mein sab se ziyada parhezgaar hun lekin main agar roze rakhta hun to iftaar bhi karta hun. Namaz padhta hun (raat mein) aur sota bhi hun aur main aurton se Nikah karta hun. Mere tareeqe se jis ne be-raghbati ki woh mujh mein se nahi hai.
(Sahih Al-Bukhari: 5063)

Oongh bhi neend ke qabeel se hai, lehaza Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam insaan ki tarah hi sote the aur Aap ko oongh bhi aati thi. Hadees mein oongh ki bhi saraahat maujood hai. Ek baar Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ne Fajr ki namaz ke baad Sahaba ki taraf mutwajjah ho kar farmaaya:
أَمَا إِنِّي سَأُحَدِّثُكُمْ مَا حَبَسَنِي عَنْكُمُ الْغَدَاةَ: إِنِّي قُمْتُ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَتَوَضَّأْتُ وَصَلَّيْتُ مَا قُدِّرَ لِي، فَنَعَسْتُ فِي صَلَاتِي فَاسْتَثْقَلْتُ، فَإِذَا أَنَا بِرَبِّي تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى فِي أَحْسَنِ صُورَةٍ​
Tarjumah: Main aap logon ko bataaonga ke Fajr mein barwaqt mujhe tum logon ke paas Masjid mein pahunchne se kis cheez ne rok liya, main raat mein utha, wuzu kiya, (tahajjud ki) Namaz padhi jitni bhi mere naam likhi gayi thi, phir main Namaz mein oonghne laga yahan tak ke mujhe gehri neend aa gayi, achaanak kya dekhta hun ke main apne buzurag o bartar Rabb ke saath hun woh behtar soorat o shakl mein hai.
(Tirmizi: 3235)
* Allama Albani ne is Hadees ko Sahih kaha hai.

Allah ki zaat hi tan e tanha aisi hai jise kabhi oongh nahi aati. farmaan e Rabb ul Aalameen hai:
اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ ۚ لَا تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلَا نَوْمٌ​
Tarjumah: Allah Taala hi ma’bood e barhaq hai jis ke siwa koi ma’bood nahi jo zindah aur sab ka thaamne waala hai, jise na oongh aaye na neend.
(Surah Al-Baqarah, Surah No: 2 Ayat No: 255)

Doosri baat: Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke jism par kabhi makhkhi nahi baithi.
Jawaab: Makhkhi insaani samaaj ka hissah hai. Jahaan insaan rehte hain wahaan makhkhiyaan bhi aam taur se paayi jaati hain. Khaas taur se khaate peete waqt makhkhiyaan aa jaaya karti hain. Is liye Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ne makhkhi se mutalliq irshaad farmaaya hai:
إِذَا وَقَعَ الذُّبَابُ فِي شَرَابِ أَحَدِكُمْ فَلْيَغْمِسْهُ ثُمَّ لِيَنْزِعْهُ ؛ فَإِنَّ فِي إِحْدَى جَنَاحَيْهِ دَاءً، وَالْأُخْرَى شِفَاءً​
Tarjumah: Jab makhkhi kisi ke peene (ya khaane ki cheez) mein pad jaaye to use dubo de aur phir nikaal kar phenk de kiunki us ke ek par mein beemari hai aur us ke doosre (par) mein shifaa hoti hai.
(Sahih Bukhari: 3320)

Makhkhi kabhi jism par, kabhi deewaar par to kabhi khaane par baith jaaya karti hai, koi ba'eed nahi ke Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke jism e mubarak par bhi baith jaati ho kiunki Aap bhi bashar the, Aap bhi khaate peete the aur insaani samaaj mein rehte the. Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke jism e mubarak par makhkhi na baithne ki koi sahih daleel nahi. Agar Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke liye makhkhi se mutalliq koi khusoosiyat hoti to zaroor Aap hamein us se mutalliq rehnumaayi farmaate ya Aap ke pyaare Sahaba jo Aap se hamesha chimte rehte aur Aap ke adna o a'ala awsaaf bayan karte the woh zaroor hamein is silsile mein aagah karte magar aisi koi baat na Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam se aur na hi kisi Sahabi se saabit hai albattah is silsile mein ulama ke baaz aqwaal mlite hain magar kisi sahih daleel se saabit na hone ki wajah se yeh aqwaal tasleem nahi kiye jaayenge.
Aqwaal ke alawah ek wajah ghulu karne waale ki taraf se hai jo Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ko noor e mujassam maante hain aur noor e mujassam ke jism par makhkhi ka baithna qaadeh maante hain, is liye Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke jism par makhkhi baithne ka inkaar karte hain. Aap yeh jaan len ke Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam na to noor e mujassam hain aur na hi bashar se alag koi doosri makhlooq hain. Bila-shubha Aap bashar hi hain aur jab Aap bashar hain to Aap mein bashari awsaaf hi tasleem kiye jaayenge illa yeh ke Aap ki kisi khusoosiyat ki alag se koi daleel aayi ho.
Logon ke liye ek wajah yeh bhi hai jis se Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke jism par makhkhi baithne ka inkaar kiya hai ke yeh gandagi par baithti hai aur gandi cheez Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke jism ko nahi lag sakti.
Pehli baat: Makhkhi sirf gandagi hi par nahi baithti, agar aisa hai to phir deewaar par, khaane par, paani par, insaan par kiun baithti hai jabki yeh sab gandagi to nahi?
Doosri baat: Agar makhkhi gandi cheez par baithne se najis ho jaati to Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam kabhi bhi yeh na farmaate ke mashroob mein makhkhi gir jaaye to mazeed us mein dubo do aur phir piyo balki farmaate mashroob mein makhkhi girne se najis ho gaya use phenk do.
Teesri baat: Makhkhi najis aur gandi cheez par bhi baithti hai magar us ki najasat is qadar nahi hoti ke woh kisi saamaan mein girne se use najis kar de jaise ziyada paani mein mamooli gandi cheez gir jaaye magar us ka rang, ya boo, ya mazah na badle to paak hai.
Chauthi baat: Agar makhkhi par wazeh taur se najis cheez lagi nazar aa rahi hai aur woh mashroob mein gir jaaye to use phenk den ya jism par baith jaaye aur jism se badbu zahir to us jagah ko saaf kar len, yeh nizaafat ka taqaaza hai.
Taahir ul Qaadiri ne apne ek mazmoon mein imam Bukhari Rahimahullah ke khawaab se mutalliq waqiya likha hai jis ka unwaan hai "Huzoor Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke jism e aqdas par makhkhiyon ka baithna". Us unwaan ke tahat neeche Imam Bukhari ka khawaab darj hai ke Imam Bukhari Rahimahullah khawaab dekhte hain ke Huzoor Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam tashreef farmaa hain aur Imam Bukhari haath waale pankhe se hawa de rahe hain, kuch makhkhiyaan Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki taraf jaa rahi hain, Aap pankhe se badan e aqdas se makhkhiyaan uda rahe hain. Aage khawaab ki ta’beer ka zikr hai. Main mazeed aage kuch nahi likhna chaahta, maqsood ke liye itna hi kaafi hai.

Teesri baat: Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam hamesha apne qareeb khade shakhs se zara lambe rehte the.
Jawaab: Insaani samaaj mein insaan ke qad teen qism ke hote hain.
(1) Kuch log lambe hote hain.
(2) Kuch log darmiyanah qad hote hain.
(3) Kuch log past qad hote hain.
In teenon mein darmiyanah qad sab se behtar maana jaata hai haalaanke saari takhleeq Allah ki hi hai magar Allah ne Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ko aisi qaamat di jo insaani samaaj mein bhi qadr ki nigaah se dekhi jaati hai.
Hazrat Anas bin Malik Radhiallahu Anhu bayan karte hain:
كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ رَبْعَةً لَيْسَ بِالطَّوِيلِ، وَلَا بِالْقَصِيرِ، حَسَنَ الْجِسْمِ، أَسْمَرَ اللَّوْنِ، وَكَانَ شَعْرُهُ لَيْسَ بِجَعْدٍ ، وَلَا سَبْطٍ ، إِذَا مَشَى يَتَكَفَّأُ​
Tarjumah: RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam miyaana qad the, Aap na lambe the na kotaah qad, gandumi rang ke sidol jism waale the, Aap ke baal na ghongharyaale the na seedhe, Aap jab chalte to pair utha kar chalte jaisa koi upar se neeche utarta hai.
(Tirmizi: 1754)
* Allama Albani ne is Hadees ko Sahih kaha hai.

Jo Sahabi ya jo insaan Aap se qad mein lambe honge, zahir si baat hai ke Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam un ke paas bahaisiyat e jism kuch chote nazar aayenge. Is baat se shaan e risaalat par koi farq nahi padta aur na hi Aap ki azmat o waqaar par koi harf aata hai.
Is baat ko ek anokhi misaal se samjhaata hun. Kuch Sahaba e Kiraam Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam se qad mein bade rahe honge to kuch Umar mein bhi bade rahe honge. Fazail us Sahaba mein sahih sanad se yeh waqiya mazkoor hai, Razeen se riwayat hai ke RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke chacha Abbas Radhiallahu Anhu se poocha gaya ke aap bade hain ya RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam? Poochne ka maqsad yeh tha ke Umar mein kaun bade hain? To Hazrat Abbas Radhiallahu Anhu ne jawaab diya ke RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam mujh se bade hain magar main pehle paida huwa hun.
(Fazail us Sahaba Lil-Imam Ahmed bin Hambal, Hadees No: 1831)

Is waqiya se ek baat yeh ma’loom hoti hai ke agar koi qad mein ya Umar mein Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam se bada hai to us se woh Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam se maqam o martaba mein bada nahi ho sakta, Allah Taala ne Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ko itna buland maqam diya ke koi us ko choo nahi sakta. Doosri baat yeh ma’loom hue ke Sahaba e Kiraam baat karne mein had e darja adab ka khayaal rakhte the, sawaal karne waale ka maqsad umar ke mutalliq sawaal tha, jawaab mein yeh keh sakte the ki main Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam se umar mein bada hun magar unhon ne kaha ke bade to Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam hi hain albattah mein pehle paida huwa hun. Subhan Allah.

Chauthi baat: Aapke fuzlaat yani bol o baraaz ko zameen fauran khaa leti thi.
Jawaab: Yeh baat ek ghadi hue riwayat mein mazkoor hai. Hazrat Aisha
Hazrat Aisha Radhiallahu Anha se riwayat hai:
أنَّ رسولَ اللهِ صلَّى اللهُ عليهِ وسلَّمَ كان إذا دخلَ الخلاءَ ثُمَّ خرجَ: دخلْتُ فلا أرى أثرَ شيءٍ، إلَّا أَنِّي أَجِدُ رِيْحَ الطِّيبِ، فذكرْتُ ذلكَ لهُ فقال: أما علِمْتَ أنَّا معشرَ الأنبياءِ نَبَتَتْ أَجْسامُنا على أَجْسادِ أهلِ الجنةِ، فما خرجَ مِنَّا ابْتَلَعَتْهُ الأرضُ​
Tarjumah: Jab Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam bait ul khala jaate aur nikalte to main us mein daakhil hoti aur wahaan kisi cheez ka asar nahi paati albattah wahaan khusbhoo ka asar paati. Main ne is baat ka Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam se zikr kiya to Aap ne farmaaya: Kya tum nahi jaanti, hum Ambiya ki jama'at hain, hamaare ajsaam jannatiyon ke ajsaam par banaaye gaye hain, un se jo kuch bhi nikalta hai zameen use nigal leti hai.
Ibn e Adi ne is riwayat ko Al-Kamil Fiz-Zu'aafaa mein zikr kiya hai aur kaha hai ke is mein Husain bin Ulwaan hai jis ki Ahadees aam taur se Mauzoo' hoti hain aur yeh Ahadees ghadne waala hai. Ibn e Hibban ne bhi ise Mauzoo' kaha hai, in ke alawah bahut saare muhaddiseen ne is Hadees aur is ke rawi Husain par sakht Jirah ki hai.

Is ghadi hue Hadees ko bunyaad bana kar logon ne kaha ke Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke fuzlaat yani peshaab o paakhana paak hain jabki is Hadees se istedlaal nahi kiya jaayega. Isi tarah khoon o peshaab peene waali riwayaat se bhi Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke fuzlaat ki paaki par istedlaal kiya jaata hai magar un mein se koi sahih sanad se saabit nahi hai. Goya bashar hone ke sabab Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke fuzlaat (peshaab o paakhana) napaak hain, isi sabab Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam peshaab o paakhana kar ke un se paththar, mitti ya paani se paaki haasil karte aur qazaa e haajat ke baad Namaz ke liye wuzu karte. Is mauzoo par main ne mufassal behas ki hai jo mere blog par dekhi jaa sakti hai.

Paanchwen baat: Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ka jismaani saaya nahi tha.
Jawaab: Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ka waise hi saaya tha jaise ek insaan ka hota hai. Quran o Hadees mein aise kayi dalaail maujood hain. Insaani saaye ko Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ne Namaz ke auqaat ke ta'ayyun ka me'yaar banaaya hai. Us insaani saaye mein Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam deegar insaan se mukhtalif nahi hain. Ek to bashar hone ki haisiyat se Aap ke jismaani saaye ka inkaar nahi kiya jaa sakta doosra yeh ke Ahadees mein bil-khusoos Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke jismaani saaye ka bhi zikr milta hai.
Musnad Ahmed aur Majma uz Zawaaid mein hai ke ek dafa Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Zainab Radhiallahu Anha ke ghar tashreef le gaye to unhon ne pehle Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ka saaya dekha jo ghar mein ghus raha tha.
Is topic par mere blog par mufassal behas hai.
 
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