Safar Ka Maheena Aur Uski Bid’aat

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Safar Ka Maheena Aur Uski Bid’aat



Tehreer: Shaikh Maqbool Ahmad Salafi Hafizahullah

Romanised By: Umar Asari

Safar ka maheena saal ka doosra maheena hai. Is maheene ko logon mein bahut ziyadah manhoos samjha jaata hai. Safar ka ma’na (meaning) hai: Khaali hona. Chunki Makkah waale musalsal Zee Qa’dah, Zil-Hijjah aur Muharram ki hurmat ki wajah se jung o jidaal aur fitnah wa fasad se ruke rehte they to Safar ka maheena aate hi aik saath apne gharon ko khaali kar ke nikal jaate isi wajah se is maheene ka naam Safar pad gaya.
Arab waalon ke is tarah se gharon ka khaali kar dene aur jangon mein be-panah qatl hone ne logon ko bad-aqeedgi ka shikaar bana diya, log is se nahusat lene lage aur aakhir kaar (at least) nahusat ki bemaari un ke ghalat tasawwur se duniya mein riwaaj paa gyi ki Safar ka maheena manhoos hai, is maheene mein museebatein nazil hoti hain, is wajah se is maheene mein log safar nahi karte, shadi biyah se ruk jaate hain, biwi ke qareeb nahi jaate. Nahusat mein mazeed izaafe ka sabab gadhi hue Ahadees ban gayin:
(1) مَن بشَّرني بخروجِ صَفَرٍ بشَّرْتُه بالجنةِ​
Tarjumah: Jo shakhs mujhe Safar ke maheene ke khatm hone ki khushkhabri dega, mein usey jannat ki khushkhabri dunga.
* Is riwayat ko Mulla Ali Qaari, Allama Ajalooni aur Allama Shawkaani waghera ne mauzoo kaha hai.

(2) يكونُ موتٌ في صفرَ ، ثم تتنازعُ القبائلُ في الربيعِ ، ثم العجبُ كلُّ العجبِ ، بين جمادى ورجبٍ​
Tarjumah: Safar mein maut hogi, phir Rabi’ul Awwal ke maheene mein qabeele jhagrenge (ladenge) phir Jumad al-Awwal, Saani aur Rajab ke darmiyan ajeeb o ghreeb cheezein ronuma (zahir) hongi.
* Is Hadees ko Shaikh Albani ne mauzoo kaha hai.
(Silsila Az-Za’eefah: 6178)

In be-bunyaad aur jhooti ahadees ne logon ki ghalatfehmiya mazeed barha di. Logon ne ghalat aqaaid o tasawwuraat aur mauhoom (khayaali) museebaton aur balaaon se chutkara paane ke liye kai tarah ke harbe (tadbeerein) apnaayin:
* Kisi ne chane ubaal kar khud khaya aur poore mohalle mein taqseem kiya taaki is maheene ki pareshani se bach jaye.
* Kisi ne aate (meal) ki 365 goliyan bana kar talaab mein daala taaki museebat us ke sir se tal (hat) jaye.
* Kisi ne 30 baar Surah Ikhlaas ka vird is aqeedah se kiya ki yeh hamein is maheene mein nazil hone wali balaa (museebat) se nijaat dilyega.

Safar ke maheene ka aakhri budh (wednesday):
Is maheene ke aakhri budh (wednesday) se mutalliq to be-shumaar bidaat o khuraafat aur ghalat afkaar paye jaate hain:
* Logon ka maanna hai ke is maheene ke aakhri wednesday ko Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ko bemari se shifa mili, Aap ne ghusl farmaya, is khushi mein mithaai taqseem ki jaati hain jabki hamein tareekh se pata chalta hai Safar ke maheene ke aakhri wednesday se Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ka maraz ul maut (last illness) shuru huwa aur Aap 12 Rabi’ul Awwal ko wafaat paa gaye. Yeh aik yahoodi sazish hai jis ke shikaar musalman ho gaye, Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki bemari par jashn manana. Allah Taala aap ke gham par khushi manane walon ko Ibrat aamooz (yaani jis se naseehat hasil ho aisa) sabaq de.
* Safar ke aakhri wednesday ko din mein roza rakhna aur shaam ko halwa kachori pakana raaij hai. Is rozay ko kachori roza naam diya jaata hai. Yeh kaam deen mein nai ijaad hai aur sara-sar bidat hai.
* Pakistan ke kuch ilaqon mein aakhri wednesday ko khairaat karne ka aik khaas tareeqa raaij hai usay pashto mein churi ki rasm kehte hain. Daleel mein kehte hain ke Hazrat Aisha Radhiallahu Anha ne Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ke theek hone par aisa kiya tha. Is baat ki deen mein koi haqeeqat nahi. jab Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam Safar ke aakhri wednesday mein bemaar they to unke sehatyaab hone (theek hone) ka sawal hi paida nahi hota. Isliye yeh baat jhoot hai aur churi ka amal bidat hai.
* Kuch jaghon par logon ka yeh aqeedah hai ke Safar ke aakhri wednesday ko aasman se teen laakh bees hazaar (320000) museebatein nazil hoti hain. Un museebaton se bachne ke liye makhsoos qism ki chaar rakat namaz Nafl ada ki jaati hai. Is ka tareeqa yeh hai ke yeh namaz aik salam se padhi jaati hai, har rakat mein aik baar Surah Fatiha, 17 baar Surah Kauthar, 15 baar Surah Ikhlaas aur aik aik baar Mu’awwazatein padhi jaati hai. Phir salam pher kar makhsoos dua ki jaati hai. Is mein 360 baar «اللَّهُ غَالِبٌ عَلَى أَمْرِهِ وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لا يَعْلَمُونَ» padha jaata hai aur «سُبْحَانَ رَبِّكَ رَبِّ الْعِزَّةِ عَمَّا يَصِفُونَ وَسَلَامٌ عَلَى الْمُرْسَلِينَ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ» ke zariye dua khatm ki jaati hai. Us ke baad faqeeron aur miskeenon mein roti taqseem ki jaati hai.
Teen lakh bees hazar (320000) balaaon (museebaton) ka aqeedah aur yeh makhsoos namaz deen mein apni taraf se ijaad kar liye gaye hain jo bidat aur gumraahi hain aur har gumraahi ka thikana jahannam hai.
Hum musalmanon ko maloom hona chahiye ke Islam mein koi din aur koi tareekh aur maheene manhoos nahi hai aur na hi Nabi e Akram Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam se is Safar ke maheene mein makhsoos ibadaat anjaam dene aur museebaton se bachne ka koi makhsoos zikr milta hai. Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ne hamein bataya ke Safar ke maheene mein koi nahusat nahi hai.
Hazrat Abu Hurairah Radhiallahu Anhu se marwi hai ke RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ne farmaya:
لاَ عَدْوَى، وَلاَ طِيَرَةَ، وَلاَ هَامَةَ، وَلاَ صَفَرَ​
Tarjumah: Marz ka muta’addi hona nahi (yani Allah ke hukm ke baghair koi marz kisi doosre ko nahi lagta) aur na bad-shugooni lena durust hai, aur na hi ullu aur Safar ka maheena manhoos hai.
(Sahih Bukhari: 5757 and 5707)
Tiyarah «طِيَرَةَ» ka matlab hai: Badshugooni lena.
Hama «هَامَةَ» ka matlab: Maqtool ke sir se Hama naam ka janwar (ullu) niklana jo insaan ko us waqt tak takleef de jab tak qatl na kar diya jaye.
Safar se murad: Logon ke gumaan se Safar ke maheene ki nahusat.
Aik taraf Aap Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ne is Safar ke maheene se nahusat ka inkaar kiya to doosri taraf is maheene mein bade bade mubarak kaam bhi huwe:
* Is maheene mein hijrat ke pehle saal maqam e abwaa par ghazwah huwa jis mein Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam khud shareek hue they.
* Teen hijri Safar ke maheene mein qabeela e Azal aur Waqarah ke log Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki khidmat mein haazir ho kar musalman huwe.
* Isi maheene ko chauthi hijri mein Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ne 70 maahir qurra ko ahl e Najd ki taleem ke liye rawana kiya (bheja) tha.
* Isi maheene mein Khaibar fatah huwa.
* isi maheene ki 9 hjri mein Qabeela e Khath’am ki janib Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ne sariyyah (aisi jung jis mein Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam khud shareek nahi hote they, balki koi sahabi qiyadat karta tha usko sariyyah kehte hain) bheja, is sariyyah mein ghaibi taur par Allah ki taraf se selaab ke zariye musalmanon ko madad mili aur maal e ghanemat haasil huwa.
* Is maheene mein 9 hijri ko bani Uzrah ke 12 logon ne Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ki khidmat mein haazir ho kar khushi se islam qabool kiya.
Upar zikr ki gai baaton ki roshni mein yeh baat bilkul Wazeeh ho jaati hai ke Safar ka maheena manhoos nahi hai aur is maheene ko manhoos jaan kar jo kaam anjaam diye jaate hain woh sara-sar lagw aur bidaat o khuraafat hain. Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ka farmaan hai:
مَنْ عَمِلَ عَمَلًا لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ أَمْرُنَا فَهُوَ رَدٌّ​
Tarjumah: Jis ne koi aisa amal kiya jis par hamara hukm nahi toh wo amal mardood hai.
(Sahih Muslim: 1718)

Neez Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ka farmaan hai:
وَشَرَّ الأُمُورِ مُحْدَثَاتُهَا وَكُلَّ مُحْدَثَةٍ بِدْعَةٌ وَكُلَّ بِدْعَةٍ ضَلاَلَةٌ وَكُلَّ ضَلاَلَةٍ فِي النَّارِ ‏​
Tarjumah: Badtareen kaam woh hain jinhein (shariyat mein) apni taraf se ijaad kiya gya. Har aisa kaam bidat hai aur har bidat gumrahi hai, aur har gumrahi jahannam mein le jane wali hai."
(Sunan nisai: 1578)
* Allama Albani ne isey sahih kaha hai.

Museebat kisi bhi waqt, kisi bhi din aur kisi bhi maheene mein aa sakti hai, woh museebat kisi maheene aur din ki nahusat ki wajah se nahi hai balki apni bad-a’amali (bure kaamon) ki wajah se hai. Allah Taala ka farmaan hai:
وَمَا أَصَابَكُمْ مِنْ مُصِيبَةٍ فَبِمَا كَسَبَتْ أَيْدِيكُم​
Tarjumah: Aur tumhein jo kuch museebatein pahunchti hain woh tumhare apni hi hathon ki kartoot ka badla hai.
(Surah Ash-Shura, Surah No: 42 Ayat No: 30)

Is liye museebat se agar bachna hai to apne aamaal ki islaah karni hai, gunaahon se tauba karna hai aur Allah ki khalis ibadat karni hai.
 
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