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Shirk Kya Hai?

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#1
بــســم ‌الله‌ الــرحــمــن ‌الــرحــيــم

Shirk Kya Hai?
By: Shaykh Saleh Al Fauzaan Hafidahullah
Romanised By: Syed Ibraheem Salafi.

Shirk naam hai Allah Ta'ala ki rububiyat aur uloohiyat mein kisi doosre ko shareek karne ka, Allah Ta'ala ki uloohiyat mein shirk ye hai ke banda Allah Ta'ala ke sath gair ko pukare aur baaz ibadaton ko uske liye aada kare, jaise nazr o niyaaz, khauf o umeed aur muhabbat o tazeem wagaira.

SHIRK SAB SE BADA GUNAH:
1) Ilaahi sifaat o khasaais mein makhlooq ko khaliq ke mushabeh qaraar deyna, is liye ke khaliq ke sath kisi makhlooq ko shareek karne ka saaf matlab makhlooq ko khaliq ke barabar qaraar deyna hai, ye sab se bada zulm hai.
Irshaad-E-Rabbani hai:
إِنَّ الشِّرْكَ لَظُلْمٌ عَظِيمٌ
"Shirk tou bohot bada zulm hai." [Surah Luqmaan: 13]

Zulm kehte hain: "kisi cheez ko uske asl maqaam aur jagah se hata kar dusri jagah rakhne ko" lehaza jisne gairullah ki ibadat ki, beshak usne ibadat ko apni asl jagah se hata kar gair mahal (us ki jagah se hata kar dusri jagah) mein istemaal kiya aur usey ek gair mustahiq (jo mustahiq na ho) ki taraf phair diya aur ye sab se bada zulm hai.

2) Allah Ta'ala ney saaf taur par farma diya hai ke shirk ke baad jo tawba nahi karega us ki maghfirat nahi hogi.
Irshaad-E-Rabbani hai:
إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَغْفِرُ أَن يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَن يَشَاءُ
"Allah is gunah ko nahi bakhshega ke kisi ko uska shareek bana diya jaye aur iske siva aur gunah jis ko chahe maaf kar dey." [Surah An'Nisa: 48]

3) Allah Ta'ala ney iski phir khabar di hai ke usne mushrik par jannat haraam kar di hai aur mushrik hamesha hamesha ke liye jahannum mein pada rahega.
Allah Ta'ala farmata hai:
مَن يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ فَقَدْ حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ الْجَنَّةَ وَمَأْوَاهُ النَّارُ ۖ وَمَا لِلظَّالِمِينَ مِنْ أَنصَارٍ
"(Aur jaan rakhkho ke) jo shaksh Allah ke sath shirk karega Allah us par jannat haraam kar deyga aur uska thikana dozakh hai aur zalimo ka koi madadgaar nahi." [Surah Al'Maidah: 72]

4) Shirk insaan ke tamaam guzishta (pichle) aamaal ko khatam kar deyta hai.
Allah Ta'ala ka irshaad hai:
وَلَوْ أَشْرَكُوا لَحَبِطَ عَنْهُم مَّا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ
"Aur aagar wo loug (ambiya) shirk karte tou jo aamal wo karte thhey sab barbaad ho jaate." [Surah Al'Anaam: 88]

Ek aur jagah irshaad hai:
وَلَقَدْ أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ وَإِلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكَ لَئِنْ أَشْرَكْتَ لَيَحْبَطَنَّ عَمَلُكَ وَلَتَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ
"Aur (aye muhammad ﷺ!) tumhari taraf aur un (paighambaron) ki taraf jo tum se pehle ho chuke hai, yehi wahee bheji gayi hai ke aagar tumne shirk kiya tou tumhare aamal barbaad ho jayenge aur tum ghaata uthaane waalon mein se ho jaaoge." [Surah Az'Zumur: 65]

5) Maidaan-e-jung mein mushrik ka khoon aur maal halaal hai.
Irshaad-E-Rabbani hai:
فَإِذَا انسَلَخَ الْأَشْهُرُ الْحُرُمُ فَاقْتُلُوا الْمُشْرِكِينَ حَيْثُ وَجَدتُّمُوهُمْ وَخُذُوهُمْ وَاحْصُرُوهُمْ وَاقْعُدُوا لَهُمْ كُلَّ مَرْصَدٍ ۚ فَإِن تَابُوا وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتَوُا الزَّكَاةَ فَخَلُّوا سَبِيلَهُمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ
"Jab hurmat waley mahine guzar jayen tou mushrikon ko jahan paao qatl karo aur pakad lo aur gher lo aur har jagah unki taak mein baithe raho... ... ... .. ... ..." [Surah At'Tawba: 5]

Aur Rasoolullah (ﷺ) ka irshaad-e-girami hai: "Mujhe hukm diya gaya hai ke main logon se us waqt tak ladta rahun jab tak wo "La'ilaaha Illallah" ka iqraar na kar len aur jab wo iska iqraar kar len tou mujh se apne khoon aur maal ki hifazat kar lenge magar us ke haq se." [Bukhaari, Kitabul Emaan: 25]

6) Shirk sab se bada gunah hai.
Rasoolullah (ﷺ) ka irshaad-e-girami hai: "Kya main tumhe sab se bade gunah ke bare me na bataoon? Humne kaha: "Zaroor bataye aye allah ke Rasool" Aap (ﷺ) ney farmaya: "Allah Ta'ala ke sath shirk aur walidain ki nafarmani." [Bukhaari, Kitabul Adab: 5976]

Allama Ibn e Qayyim (Rahimahullah) likhte hain: "Allah Ta'ala ney ye wazeh farma diya hai ke takhleeq-e-kayenaat aur uske nizaam o intezaam ka maqsad ye hai ke Allah Ta'ala ko uske asma o sifaat ke zariye pehchana jaye, loug aapas mein adl o insaaf se kaam len, adl wo mezaan hai jis ke zariye aasmaan o zameen ka qiyaam hai,
Allah Ta'ala ka irshaad hai:
لَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا رُسُلَنَا بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ وَأَنزَلْنَا مَعَهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْمِيزَانَ لِيَقُومَ النَّاسُ بِالْقِسْطِ
"Humne apne paighambaron ko khuli nishaniya dey kar bheja aur un par kitabein nazil ki aur tarazu (yane adl ke qawaaid bhi) taake log insaaf par qayim rahen." [Surah Al'Hadeed: 25]

Yahan Allah Ta'ala ney is haqiqat se ba-khabar kiya ke usne Rasool bheje aur kitabein nazil ki, taake loug adl o insaaf se kaam len, sab se bada adl o insaaf tawheed hai, balki tawheed adl ka lubb e lubaab hai aur shirk khula huwa zulm hai, jaisa ke Allah Ta'ala ney farmaya: "Beshak shirk bohot bada zulm hai." [Surah Luqmaan: 13]

Shirk sab se bada zulm hai aur tawheed sab se bada adl hai. Shirk takhleeq-e-kayenaat ke asli maqasid ke bilkul mukhaalif hai, lehaza wo sab se bada gunah hai, is silsile me Allama Ibn e Qayyim (Rahimahullah) mazeed farmate hain: "Chunke shirk kayenaat ki takhleeq ke maqsad ke bilkul mukhaalif hai aur sab se bada gunah hai, lehaza Allah Ta'ala ney har mushrik ke liye jannat haraam kar di hai, mushrik ke jaan o maal, ahl o ayaal ko ahl e tawheed ke liye halaal qaraar diya aur chunke ye Allah Ta'ala ki ubodiyat (ibadat o bandagi) se bohot door hain lehaza unhe apna khadim bana kar rakhna chahiye, Allah Ta'ala ney mushrik ke kisi bhi amal ko qubool karne se inkaar kiya hai, us ke bare me kisi ki shifarish bhi qubool na hogi, aakhirat ke din us ka pukaarna bhi bekaar jayega, us ki ummeedein bhi nakaam hongi, ek mushrik Allah Ta'ala ki zaat o sifaat se sab se ziyada nadaan o be-behra (be-khabar, la-ilm) hota hai, is wajah se wo kisi gair ko Allah Ta'ala ka madd e muqabil (barabar, hamsar) thehrata hai, jo aakhri darje ki jihalat hai, ye ghayat (intihaayi) darje ka zulm bhi hai, aagarche ek mushrik Allah Ta'ala par koi zulm nahi karta lekin wo apne aap par bohot bada zulm karta hai."

Shirk ek nuqs aur aib hai jis se Allah Ta'ala ney apni zaat o sifaat ko paak qaraar diya hai, lehaza jo shaksh us ke sath kisi ko shareek karta hai wo Allah Ta'ala ke liye wo cheez sabit karta hai jis se Allah Ta'ala ney apne aap ko paak qaraar diya hai, lehaza shirk Allah Ta'ala ki sara-sar nafarmani hai, balke us (Allah) ke khilaaf ailaan-e-jung hai.

Dekhiye: Kitabut Tawheed (Urdu) Nashir: Daar ul Undlus. Page No: 27-31....
 
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